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A new insight into the photocatalytic reduction of 4-nitroaniline to p-phenylenediamine in the presence of alcohols

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45827 46423 2013 5 PDF Available
Title
A new insight into the photocatalytic reduction of 4-nitroaniline to p-phenylenediamine in the presence of alcohols
Abstract

Photoreduction of 4-nitroaniline to p-phenylenediamine over TiO2, ZnO, PbBi2Nb2O9 and CdS photocatalysts in the presence of CH3OH was investigated under light irradiation (hv ≥ band gap) upon purging with N2. Compared with PbBi2Nb2O9 and CdS, TiO2 and ZnO showed photocatalytic activities for the photoreduction of 4-nitroaniline. Electron spin resonance analysis results revealed that a methanol radical could be detected in the present of TiO2 and ZnO. Its formation was attributed to the reaction between the hydroxyl radical and CH3OH molecule. The species had strong reductive ability, and therefore could reduce 4-nitroaniline to p-phenylenediamine. Other alcohols (C2H5OH and i-C3H7OH) were also found to be efficient additives for the photoreduction of 4-nitroaniline. The results of the 2H-labeled experiments indicated that the p-phenylenediamine formation was formed by the hydrogen transfer reaction between the 4-nitroaniline and H2O molecules. A mechanism was proposed to explain the photoreduction of 4-nitroaniline to p-phenylenediamine in the present alcohols.

Graphical abstractReduction of 4-nitroaniline to p-phenylenediamine via photocatalysis was observed in presence of alcohols (CH3OH, C2H5OH and i-C3H7OH) upon purging with N2. A mechanism was also proposed to explain the photoreduction of 4-nitroaniline to p-phenylenediamine in the present alcohols (CH3OH, C2H5OH and i-C3H7OH).Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Reduction of 4-nitroaniline via photocatalysis was observed in presence of CH3OH. ► Methanol radical was found to be the main active species. ► Its formation was formed by the reaction between CH3OH and hydroxyl radical. ► C2H5OH and i-C3H7OH were also efficient additives for the reduction reaction. ► The mechanism of the reduction of 4-nitroaniline in presence of alcohols was studied.

Keywords
Nitro reduction; Photocatalysis; Electron spin resonance; Alcohol radicals
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A new insight into the photocatalytic reduction of 4-nitroaniline to p-phenylenediamine in the presence of alcohols
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 130–131, 7 February 2013, Pages 163–167
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
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