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Highly active and CO2 tolerant Ir nanocatalysts for H2/CO2 separation in electrochemical hydrogen pumps

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45889 46426 2014 7 PDF Available
Title
Highly active and CO2 tolerant Ir nanocatalysts for H2/CO2 separation in electrochemical hydrogen pumps
Abstract

•Ir/C nanocatalysts were prepared as anode catalyst for hydrogen pumps.•Activities toward HOR/HER of Pt/C and It/C were evaluated by single cell test.•Ir/C had good hydrogen oxidation activity and high CO2 tolerance, compared to Pt/C.

Carbon-supported Pt nanoparticles have been widely used as electrocatalysts for electrochemical hydrogen pumps. However, Pt surfaces are susceptible to poisoning under CO2 atmosphere, and as a result, need greater applied cell voltages. Instead of Pt as an anode catalyst in electrochemical hydrogen pumps, we synthesized Ir-based catalysts and characterized them by XRD, XPS, TEM, and TGA. The electrochemical characteristics of the Ir catalysts were evaluated by a halfcell test, and their catalytic activities toward the hydrogen oxidation and hydrogen evolution reactions were evaluated by micro polarization analysis. The exchange current density of the Ir catalyst that was heat treated at 300 °C was larger than that of commercial Pt. CO2 stripping analysis confirmed that the Ir catalyst was not affected by CO2, unlike the Pt catalyst. Focusing on H2 separation from H2/CO2 gas, an evaluation using a single-cell test indicated that the Ir catalyst performed better than the Pt catalyst.

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Keywords
Electrochemical hydrogen pump; Gas separation; Carbon capture and storage; Iridium catalyst; CO2 stripping
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Highly active and CO2 tolerant Ir nanocatalysts for H2/CO2 separation in electrochemical hydrogen pumps
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 158–159, October 2014, Pages 348–354
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us