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Biofuel production via transesterification using sepiolite-supported alkaline catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45919 46427 2014 10 PDF Available
Title
Biofuel production via transesterification using sepiolite-supported alkaline catalysts
Abstract

•Highly active solid base catalysts were synthesized using sepiolite as a support for transesterification reaction.•Methyl ester yields, as high as 98.5 ± 0.6%, were reached by using 40–50 wt.% loadings of K2CO3 into sepiolite support.•ATR-FTIR and 1H NMR results attested to the structure and purity of the biodiesel.•The catalyst particles upon recovery and reuse exhibited extraordinary maintenance of catalytic activity.•Sepiolite supported catalyst particles should be associated with minimization of the leaching of the active K compounds.

Transesterification of oil to biodiesel was carried out using alkaline catalysis supported by sepiolite – a naturally-porous hydrated magnesium silicate with the highest surface area among all clay minerals. The catalyst particles, prepared by loading 10–50 wt.% of K2CO3 into sepiolite, followed by calcination at 773 K, were found to be very active in the catalysis of the transesterification reaction of canola oil with methanol. The purities of the biodiesel products were assessed via ATR-FTIR and 1H NMR and found to readily surpass the 96.5% purity requirement of the European EN standard 14103. The biodiesel yield was characterized as a function of the transesterification reaction time, the methanol to oil molar ratio, reaction temperature and catalyst concentration. Methyl ester yields of around 98.5 ± 0.6% could be obtained using sepiolite supports loaded with 40 and 50 wt.% K2CO3. The testing of the recovered K2CO3(50%)/sepiolite catalyst particles for their reusability and stability indicated that the initial catalytic activity of the catalyst could be maintained for at least five reaction cycles. This unusual maintenance of the activity of sepiolite supported catalysts is possibly associated with the minimization of the leaching of K2O, occurring as a result of the special structure of sepiolite, that is unlike any other clay.

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Keywords
Biodiesel; FAME; Transesterification; Sepiolite; Potassium carbonate
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Biofuel production via transesterification using sepiolite-supported alkaline catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 150–151, 5 May 2014, Pages 147–156
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us