fulltext.study @t Gmail

Combining efficiently catalytic hydrodechlorination and wet peroxide oxidation (HDC–CWPO) for the abatement of organochlorinated water pollutants

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45924 46427 2014 7 PDF Available
Title
Combining efficiently catalytic hydrodechlorination and wet peroxide oxidation (HDC–CWPO) for the abatement of organochlorinated water pollutants
Abstract

•The two-step reaction (HDC–CWPO) represents an efficient solution for chlorophenols breakdown.•A short-time HDC step before CWPO improves the rate of mineralization.•Complete dechlorination of chlorophenols and a high mineralization (80%) was reached.•The effluents obtained upon HDC–CWPO process presented negligible ecotoxicity values (<0.5 TU).•Both HDC (Pd/γ-Al2O3) and CWPO (Fe/γ-Al2O3) catalysts showed a highly stable performance.

The combination of catalytic hydrodechlorination (HDC) and wet peroxide oxidation (CWPO) has been investigated for the breakdown of chlorophenols (CPs). The process was conducted as a sequential two-step reaction involving 30 min HDC followed by CWPO. Direct application of CWPO to CPs has shown important drawbacks derived from the formation of toxic intermediates under substoichiometric H2O2 doses as well as from the fact that the reaction rate decreases significantly as the number of chlorine atoms in the molecule increases (pseudo-first order rate constant values of 20.6 × 10−3, 4.6 × 10−3 and 1.4 × 10−3 L gcat−1 min−1 were obtained for 4-CP, 2,4-DCP and 2,4,6-TCP disappearance, respectively). On the opposite, HDC removes chlorine from CPs under mild conditions at a frankly high rate which is almost unaffected by the chlorine content of the starting chlorophenol (values of 0.19, 0.17 and 0.15 L gcat−1 min−1 for the pseudo-first order rate constants were obtained with 4-CP, 2,4-DCP and 2,4,6-TCP, respectively). Thus, HDC can be used as a short-time pretreatment (≈30 min) associated to a subsequent CWPO step in order to achieve a high mineralization in significantly lower reaction times. The sequential combination of HDC and CWPO as a two-step reaction was tested with different CPs using monometallic catalysts for each step (Pd/γ-Al2O3 and Fe/γ-Al2O3, respectively). This combined process allowed improving TOC reduction from 30% (CWPO alone) to 70% after 120 min reaction time. Moreover, it allowed reaching a substantial reduction of ecotoxicity (>95%) with the three chlorophenols tested.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Catalytic hydrodechlorination; Catalytic wet peroxide oxidation; Combination of HDC–CWPO; Chlorophenol
First Page Preview
Combining efficiently catalytic hydrodechlorination and wet peroxide oxidation (HDC–CWPO) for the abatement of organochlorinated water pollutants
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 150–151, 5 May 2014, Pages 197–203
Authors
, , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us