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Stainless steel wire mesh-supported Co3O4 catalysts in the steam reforming of ethanol

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45942 46427 2014 10 PDF Available
Title
Stainless steel wire mesh-supported Co3O4 catalysts in the steam reforming of ethanol
Abstract

•We made a structured catalyst that is very active, selective and stable.•The active phase of this catalyst under ESR conditions is cubic CoO.•Elemental cobalt is highly detrimental to the ESR reaction.•The formation of acetone is minimal for I200CoO(c)/I111Co(c) values higher than 1.4.•The catalyst has superior performance to previous structured catalysts.

Structured catalysts consisting of either undoped or potassium-doped mesoporous Co3O4 nanowires supported on stainless steel wire meshes (SSWM) and prepared by the ammonia evaporation-induced method were tested in the ethanol steam reforming (ESR) reaction. The undoped catalyst was strongly reduced to elemental Co in ESR conditions, causing a decrease in catalytic activity, the undesired formation of acetone, the premature deactivation of the catalyst due to coke deposition and the detachment of particles from the SSWM. Doping the catalyst with potassium (molar K/Co around 0.05) produced an increase in the surface area of the catalysts and a significant enhancement of the catalytic performance in terms of H2 TOF, carbon selectivity towards CO2 and stability. The presence of potassium prevented the over-reduction of the Co3O4 particles to elemental Co, thereby avoiding the detrimental effects of this phase. Comparison with cobalt-based catalysts described in the literature confirm that the doped catalysts produced in this work are more active and present better values of carbon selectivity towards CO2 than structured catalysts previously reported.

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Keywords
Ethanol steam reforming; Hydrogen; Cobalt; Potassium; Micro-reactor
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Stainless steel wire mesh-supported Co3O4 catalysts in the steam reforming of ethanol
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 150–151, 5 May 2014, Pages 370–379
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
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