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Effect of the type of acid used in the synthesis of titania–silica mixed oxides on their photocatalytic properties

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45944 46427 2014 7 PDF Available
Title
Effect of the type of acid used in the synthesis of titania–silica mixed oxides on their photocatalytic properties
Abstract

•TiO2–SiO2 mixed oxides were synthesized by the sol–gel technique using different acids.•Their photocatalytic behavior was evaluated on the phenol oxidation.•Silica introduced a dispersive effect that stabilized the TiO2-anatase phase.•SO42− and CH3COO− ions stabilized the anatase phase at high calcination temperatures.•Acetic acid induced the highest activity for phenol photodegradation.

TiO2–SiO2 mixed oxides were synthesized by the sol–gel technique using three different acids, i.e., acetic, sulfuric, or chlorhydric acid. Their photocatalytic behavior was evaluated on the phenol oxidation in liquid phase and correlated with the characterization results. It was found that the kind of acid used during the preparation strongly influences the phase composition and stability of the TiO2 phases incorporated in the silica structure as well as the photocatalytic activity. In all cases, silica introduced a dispersive effect that stabilized the TiO2 crystalline phases upon calcination at 700 °C. SO42− and CH3COO− ions stabilized the anatase phase at high calcination temperatures (700 °C) leading to samples with the highest photoactivities. Cl− ions induced the formation of traces of rutile and brookite resulting in a lower photoactivity. The highest photoactivity was achieved with the catalyst synthesized with acetic acid and calcined at 700 °C (TS1-700-ace). The photocatalytic performance of this material was even better than that obtained with the commercial catalyst Degussa P-25.

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Keywords
TiO2–SiO2; Phenol oxidation; Photocatalysis; Acid treatment; Anatase–rutile–brookite
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Effect of the type of acid used in the synthesis of titania–silica mixed oxides on their photocatalytic properties
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 150–151, 5 May 2014, Pages 389–395
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
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