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Biodiesel production from Jatropha curcas crude oil using ZnO/SiO2 photocatalyst for free fatty acids esterification

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45981 46428 2013 9 PDF Available
Title
Biodiesel production from Jatropha curcas crude oil using ZnO/SiO2 photocatalyst for free fatty acids esterification
Abstract

We report the production of biodiesel from Mexican Jatropha Curcas crude oil (JCCO) by a two step catalytic process. The high content of free fatty acids (FFA) present in JCCO was first esterified with methanol by a photocatalytic process under UV irradiation using ZnO/SiO2 as the heterogeneous photocatalyst. The solid catalyst was found to be highly active for the heterogeneous photocatalyic esterification of FFA with methanol. The activity of the solid catalyst remained unchanged even after 10 esterification runs, indicating that the heterogeneous photocatalysis is a viable option for FFA esterification reactions for biodiesel production. Transesterification step was catalyzed by NaOH through thermal activation process. Produced biodiesel fulfills all the international requirements for its utilization as a fuel. A probable reaction mechanism for the esterification process is proposed considering the generation of H+, CH3O· and R-COOH on the photocatalyst surface.

Graphical abstractThe use of heterogeneous photocatalytic process at room temperature can be a new way to perform the esterification of free fatty acids in vegetable oils for the efficient production of biodiesel. ZnO/SiO2 as a heterogeneous photocatalyst presented high activity and stability for the esterification of free fatty acids present in Jatropha curcas oil with methanol. The process led to the production of high quality biodiesel.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Production of biodiesel from Jatropha curcas oil by photocatalytic esterification. ► Use of ZnO/SiO2 as highly active catalyst for photocatalyic esterification of FFA. ► The catalyst is reusable even after 10 cycles of utilization. ► The process can generate biodiesel of high purity that meets the quality demands.

Keywords
Biodiesel; Photocatalytic esterification; Jatropha curcas oil; Heterogeneous photocatalyst
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Biodiesel production from Jatropha curcas crude oil using ZnO/SiO2 photocatalyst for free fatty acids esterification
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 129, 17 January 2013, Pages 39–47
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us