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Catalytic performance of MnOx–NiO composite oxide in lean methane combustion at low temperature

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
45997 46428 2013 10 PDF Available
Title
Catalytic performance of MnOx–NiO composite oxide in lean methane combustion at low temperature
Abstract

A series of MnOx–NiO composite oxide catalysts were prepared by co-precipitation method and used in the catalytic combustion of lean methane at low temperature. Compared with the corresponding single NiO and MnOx oxides, the MnOx–NiO composite oxide with proper composition exhibits much higher catalytic performance in the lean methane oxidation. XRD and HRTEM results demonstrate that MnOx–NiO is in the form of a Ni–Mn–O solid solution. XAFS and XPS results indicate that the content of manganese in MnOx–NiO has a significant influence on the oxidation state of manganese and the crystal defect of nickel oxide. MnOx–NiO catalyst with an atomic Mn/(Mn + Ni) ratio of 0.13 is provided with abundant highly dispersed manganese species of higher valence (Mn4+) and higher coordination number as well as certain nickel vacancies, due to the strong interaction between Ni and Mn species. H2-TPR and O2-TPD results show that the MnOx–NiO composite oxide exhibits better reducibility and oxygen mobility than NiO. All these characterizations suggest a prominent synergism between NiO and MnOx in the MnOx–NiO composite oxide, which contributes to its high performance in the lean methane combustion.

Graphical abstractA prominent synergism between NiO and MnOx in MnOx–NiO composite oxide was observed. Compared with the single NiO and MnOx oxides, the MnOx–NiO composite oxide with proper composition exhibits much higher catalytic performance in the lean methane oxidation.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► MnOx–NiO composite oxide is prepared by doping of MnOx in NiO. ► MnOx–NiO as a non-noble metal catalyst exhibits outstanding activity in lean methane combustion. ► A prominent synergism between NiO and MnOx in the MnOx–NiO was observed. ► MnOx(0.13)–NiO is provided with abundant dispersed Mn4+ species and certain nickel vacancies. ► Oxygen mobility and redox capacity of MnOx–NiO are enhanced by the doping of MnOx in NiO.

Keywords
Nickel oxide; Manganese oxide; MnOx–NiO composite oxide; Lean methane; Catalytic combustion
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Catalytic performance of MnOx–NiO composite oxide in lean methane combustion at low temperature
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 129, 17 January 2013, Pages 172–181
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us