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Sulfonic acid functionalized mesoporous SBA-15 catalysts for biodiesel production

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46016 46428 2013 9 PDF Available
Title
Sulfonic acid functionalized mesoporous SBA-15 catalysts for biodiesel production
Abstract

Sulfonic acid functionalized mesoporous SBA-15 catalysts have been studied in the microwave-assisted transesterification of soybean oil with 1-butanol in order to produce low freezing point biodiesel. Small-angle powder XRD and nitrogen adsorption analysis revealed the formation of mesoporous materials with high surface area and uniform porosity. Catalytic activity was found to be largely dependent on the acid strength rather than the number of acid sites. Propyl-SO3H and arene-SO3H functionalized SBA-15 catalysts showed high activity and stability in transesterification reactions whereas perfluoro-SO3H functionalized SBA-15 catalyst exhibited a complete loss of activity after recycling due to complete leaching of perfluoro-SO3H groups in the reaction medium. The results over arene-SO3H functionalized catalysts showed that the optimal loading of arene-SO3H groups is approximately 15% (molar percent of functional group to total silicon) and the optimal oil to alcohol molar ratio is 1:6. Increases in catalyst to oil weight ratio and reaction temperature significantly enhance the reaction rates. Simultaneous transesterification and esterification of soybean oil with up to 20 wt% oleic acid over arene-SO3H functionalized catalyst indicated that this catalyst could be a promising candidate for processing low quality feedstocks containing high fraction of free fatty acids. Further modification of Ar-SO3H SBA-15 catalyst with hydrophobic groups did not significantly improve its catalytic performance.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Organosulfonic acid functionalized SBA-15 catalysts for biodiesel production. ► Catalyst activity largely dependent on acid strength rather than number of acid sites. ► Perfluoro-sulfonic acid group is readily leached in the reaction medium. ► Reaction parameters have been optimized over the arene-SO3H SBA-15 catalyst. ► Arene-SO3H SBA-15 catalyst shows promising results for low quality feedstocks.

Keywords
Mesoporous SBA-15 catalysts; Organosulfonic acid functionalization; Biodiesel; Transesterification; Esterification
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Sulfonic acid functionalized mesoporous SBA-15 catalysts for biodiesel production
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 129, 17 January 2013, Pages 342–350
Authors
, , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us