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Selective catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides by ammonia over Co3O4 nanocrystals with different shapes

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46031 46428 2013 10 PDF Available
Title
Selective catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides by ammonia over Co3O4 nanocrystals with different shapes
Abstract

In this work, single-crystalline one-dimensional Co3O4 nanorods with well-defined crystal planes as catalysts in the selective catalytic reduction of NO by ammonia are investigated. The Co3O4 nanorods synthesized by ethylene glycol-mediated precipitation at 160 °C predominantly expose {1 1 0} planes which are rich in Co3+ species, while the traditional Co3O4 nanoparticles expose the {0 0 1} and {1 1 1} planes which contain mainly Co2+ species. Compared with Co3O4 nanoparticles, Co3O4 nanorods show much higher NOx conversion in NH3-SCR reaction. TPD of various reactant gases, including NH3, NO, NO/NH3, NO/O2, NO/NH3/O2, and transient experiment reveals Co3O4 nanorods adsorb a large amount of ammonia on their surface. Slight surface H2 reduction significantly decreases the activity of Co3O4 nanocrystals, while O2 re-oxidation partially recovers their catalytic activity, demonstrating the presence of Co3+ cations on the surface of Co3O4 nanocatalysts actually acts as the active sites in NH3-SCR reaction. The present results indicate that novel catalyst with high activity can be designed by morphology control at nanoscale.

Graphical abstract.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Co3O4 nanocrystals (NCs) with controllable morphology have been synthesized. ► Co3O4 nanorods show higher NOx conversion than nanoparticles in NH3-SCR reaction. ► Co3O4 nanorods can absorb much more ammonia than nanoparticles during NH3-SCR reaction. ► Co3O4 nanorods predominantly expose {1 1 0} planes that are rich in Co3+ sites. ► Co3+ cations facilitate NH3 chemisorption and promote the catalytic activity.

Keywords
Co3O4 nanorods; NOx reduction; Catalyst morphology; Catalytic activity
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Selective catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides by ammonia over Co3O4 nanocrystals with different shapes
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 129, 17 January 2013, Pages 491–500
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us