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Monometallic Pd/Fe3O4 catalyst for denitrification of water

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46048 46429 2012 9 PDF Available
Title
Monometallic Pd/Fe3O4 catalyst for denitrification of water
Abstract

A magnetite supported monometallic Pd catalyst was synthesized by a co-precipitation process followed with the reduction in pure hydrogen at 453 K. The catalyst was composed of ultrafine Pd nanoparticles (∼2 nm) highly dispersed on the surface of superparamagnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles. Aside from its roles as the catalyst support and the magnetic separation medium, Fe3O4 was found to be a good promoter for the nitrate reduction, where nitrate was firstly reduced to nitrite by the Fe(II)/Fe(III) redox couple, and subsequently reduced to nitrogen and ammonium. Further mechanistic studies demonstrated that besides the Pd sites, active sites for the nitrite reduction also exist on the surface of Fe3O4. Part of the nitrite reduction occurred on the surface of Fe3O4, which may also be attributed to the Fe(II)/Fe(III) redox couple. In the present study, ammonium was the main product because of the different denitrification mechanisms compared with bimetallic catalysts.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► A magnetite supported monometallic Pd catalyst used in the denitrification of water. ► Fe3O4 was found to play multifunctional roles in this catalyst system. ► Fe3O4 was a good promoter for nitrate reduction with the Fe(II)/Fe(III) redox couple. ► Fe3O4 could also provide active sites for nitrite reduction. ► Different reduction mechanism from those in bimetallic catalysts was found.

Keywords
Pd/Fe3O4; Catalytic denitrification; Superparamagnetic catalyst; Fe(II)/Fe(III) redox couple
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Monometallic Pd/Fe3O4 catalyst for denitrification of water
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 125, 21 August 2012, Pages 1–9
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us