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Stoichiometric and non-stoichiometric perovskite-based catalysts: Consequences on surface properties and on catalytic performances in the decomposition of N2O from nitric acid plants

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46066 46429 2012 9 PDF Available
Title
Stoichiometric and non-stoichiometric perovskite-based catalysts: Consequences on surface properties and on catalytic performances in the decomposition of N2O from nitric acid plants
Abstract

Catalytic activity for the N2O decomposition into N2 was investigated on perovskite-based materials in the presence of 5 vol% NO, 6 vol% O2 and 15 vol% H2O. This feed is typical of industrial conditions for nitric acid plants operating at high temperature (850–900 °C). The catalytic properties were found to be sensitive to the surface composition as revealed by XRD and XPS. Surface reconstructions on La and Co deficient perovskites induced surface La or Co enrichment. The latter governed the catalytic properties at medium and high temperature and was related to change in oxygen mobility. The presence of water was found as an outstanding parameter to speed up structural changes at the surface. However the presence of water had globally a negative impact in the catalytic activity in N2O decomposition. Surface changes which determined the extent of deactivation were more accentuated on Co-deficient perovskites due to La2O3 segregation. Higher resistance to deactivation was obtained on La-deficient perovskites such as La0.8CoO3 and La0.9Co0.8Fe0.2O3. Surface reconstruction was evidenced at high temperature in severe reaction conditions.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Surface lanthanum enrichment for stoichiometric LaCoO3 and LaCo0.8Fe0.2O3 solids. ► Higher reaction rates in N2O decomposition on aged non-stoichiometric perovskite. ► Improved stability for La0.8CoO3 and La0.9Co0.8Fe0.2O3 after ageing. ► Selective N2O decomposition without NOx losses.

Keywords
Perovskite; LaCoO3; N2O decomposition; High temperature resistance; XPS
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Stoichiometric and non-stoichiometric perovskite-based catalysts: Consequences on surface properties and on catalytic performances in the decomposition of N2O from nitric acid plants
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 125, 21 August 2012, Pages 149–157
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us