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Using pyridine as nitrogen-rich precursor to synthesize Co-N-S/C non-noble metal electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46072 46429 2012 9 PDF Available
Title
Using pyridine as nitrogen-rich precursor to synthesize Co-N-S/C non-noble metal electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction
Abstract

The development of non-noble metal catalysts is of great interest due to their significant potential application in both fuel cell systems and metal–air batteries, particularly when considering long term commercial deployment. In this regard, novel Co-N-S/C non-noble metal catalysts supported on carbon, are synthesized in this study using a solvent-milling method followed by heat-treatment at elevated temperatures. Pyridine is used as the nitrogen-rich ligand for Co-Nx precursor complex formation. The morphology and composition of the catalyst are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) as well as X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Several catalysts containing different amounts of Co are also synthesized. The optimal Co content is found to be in the range of 10–15 wt% nominal, in terms of catalytic oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) activity. This catalyst shows high electroactivity for the ORR with a high stability in alkaline media. Using rotating disk electrode measurements, and Koutechy–Levich analysis, the overall electron transfer number in the catalyzed ORR is found to be 3.8–4.0, suggesting the catalyzed ORR is a four-electron transfer process from O2 to H2O.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Novel non-precious metal catalyst Co-N-S/C with remarkable electroactivity for oxygen reduction was prepared. ► Pyridine is used as the nitrogen-rich ligand for precursor complex formation. ► Co-N-S/C derived from 10%Co30%Py/C showed a high onset potential of 0.014 V and a well-defined limiting current plateau. ► The catalyst in alkaline solution with a KOH range of 0.1–3.0 M catalyze the ORR via the four-electron pathway.

Keywords
Non-noble metal catalysts; Cobalt; Pyridine; Oxygen reduction reaction; Fuel cells; Metal–air batteries
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Using pyridine as nitrogen-rich precursor to synthesize Co-N-S/C non-noble metal electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 125, 21 August 2012, Pages 197–205
Authors
, , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us