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A new perspective for effect of Bi on the photocatalytic activity of Bi-doped TiO2

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46081 46429 2012 10 PDF Available
Title
A new perspective for effect of Bi on the photocatalytic activity of Bi-doped TiO2
Abstract

In the current work, a simple approach, directly mixing Bi2O3 powder with TiO2 sol, was developed to fabricate Bi-doped TiO2 photocatalyst. The obtained product was characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Raman spectra analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectra (XPS) and UV–vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS). On the basis of the above characterization results, it was found that the excess Bi2O3 loading (>5 mol%) and sol–gel processing route could lead to the formation of BixTiOy. The XRD data pointed out that BixTiOy remained amorphous up to 500 °C and crystallized into the distinctive phase Bi2Ti4O11 at higher temperature of 700 °C. It was worth mentioning that the participation of the distinctive microstructures made the finishing point of the doped photocatalyst, that is, strong spectral response in visible region and marked activity during the photooxidation of gaseous benzene under visible light illumination (λ > 450 nm). Furthermore, the calcination temperature also had an important effect on the photocatalytic activity. The optimal dosage of 10 mol% Bi in TiO2 and sintering temperature of 400 °C achieved the best photocatalytic activity. Finally, the amorphous BixTiOy microstructures formed in TiO2 crystal made a significant contribution in providing large specific surface area and more activated units regarding the photocatalytic process. It is hoped that our current work will contribute to a better understanding of the existence form of bismuth in TiO2 crystal. More generally, it suggests the incorporation of bismuth into a simple oxide of wide band gap as a strategy to design photocatalysts with excellent properties.

Graphical abstractA simple approach, directly mixing Bi2O3 powder with TiO2 sol, was developed to fabricate Bi-doped TiO2 photocatalyst. The most attractive feature of this procedure was that a relatively high concentration of Bi2O3 was introduced into TiO2 to understand the Bi species modification. During the photooxidation of gaseous benzene under visible light irradiation, the prepared catalysts exhibited higher activities than P25 and nitrogen-doped TiO2. In particular, characterization results and a series of designs demonstrated that the amorphous BixTiOy microstructures contribute to the good photocatalytic activity. It was suggested that these Bi species could be preferable for forming more activated sites and bigger specific areas and improving the efficiency of the composites. This approach is very conductive to reshape human understanding about the condition of the bismuth in the binary Bi2O3–TiO2 system and its role in the photocatalytic activity. The simple and low cost approach would be a highly efficient means for broadening the further industrial application.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► A simple method is developed to fabricate Bi-doped TiO2 with different Bi/Ti molar ratio. ► Gaseous benzene is chosen as a model VOC to investigate the activities of the photocatalysts. ► The amorphous BixTiOy microstructures contribute to the good photocatalytic activity. ► It gives a better understanding about the existence form of Bi in the Bi2O3–TiO2 system.

Keywords
Bi-doped TiO2; Amorphous; Visible light; Photocatalysis; Benzene
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A new perspective for effect of Bi on the photocatalytic activity of Bi-doped TiO2
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 125, 21 August 2012, Pages 294–303
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
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