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Recycling of waste plastics into fuels. LDPE conversion in FCC

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46104 46429 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
Recycling of waste plastics into fuels. LDPE conversion in FCC
Abstract

In order to study the tertiary recycling of waste polymers in standard FCC units low density polyethylene (LDPE) was dissolved into a commercial vacuum gas oil at 2 and 6 wt.% and converted over two equilibrium FCC catalysts of the octane-barrel and resid types in a CREC Riser Simulator laboratory reactor. The reaction temperatures were 500, 525 and 550 °C, the mass catalyst to oil relationship was 6.35 and the contact times were from 3 to 30 s. The study included the effect of the concentration of LDPE over conversion, the various product (dry gas, LPG, gasoline, LCO and coke) yields and selectivities. Results were very similar for the two concentrations. At typical conversions of 70 wt.%, dry gas and gasoline yields increased about 10 wt.%, LPG yields between 9 and 13 wt.%, LCO yields decreased more than 15 wt.% and coke yields were lower than 7.7 wt.% The RON index of gasoline was improved slightly (up to one point), mainly due to significant increases in olefin concentrations, while the fuel quality of the LCO cut was not affected. LDPE is easily converted and seems to be subjected to primary reactions of catalytic cracking, thus increasing the yields of olefins in the LPG and gasoline boiling ranges. It was concluded that recycling waste LDPE by co-processing it as part of conventional feeds to the FCC would not interfere with the standard operation.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► LDPE dissolved into VGO can be converted in FCC units operating under standard conditions. ► Conversions do not change substantially in comparison to those with VGO alone. ► Most important hydrocarbon groups such as LPG and gasoline increase their yields. ► Olefin yields in LPG and gasoline are increased, while coke loads would not interfere. ► Resid catalysts would show better global performances in co-processing waste polymers.

Keywords
Waste polymers; Polyethylene; Tertiary recycling; FCC; Fuels
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 125, 21 August 2012, Pages 499–506
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
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