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Platinum oxide formation and reduction during NO oxidation on a diesel oxidation catalyst – Experimental results

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46128 46430 2012 10 PDF Available
Title
Platinum oxide formation and reduction during NO oxidation on a diesel oxidation catalyst – Experimental results
Abstract

Experimental investigations clearly show that the activity of a diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC, Pt-γ-Al2O3) is changing during NO oxidation. This can be attributed to the reversible formation of platinum oxide. Therefore the activity depends strongly on the pretreatment and the operating conditions. In this paper, the impact of O2 and NO2 as oxidising agents and of NO as reductant for platinum as well as the influence of different pretreatments is experimentally studied under typical DOC conditions in an isothermal flat bed reactor with either constant temperature or with temperature ramps. Furthermore, a method to determine the platinum oxide fraction in situ is shown.An inverse hysteresis in NO conversion is observed if the temperature is linearly increased and subsequently decreased at constant gas composition, confirming the findings of Hauptmann et al. [1]. A variation of the minimal temperature of the ramp shows that a reduction of PtO by NO is possible in a net oxidising atmosphere (500 ppm NO, 12% O2, 10% H2O) below 220 °C. Above 300 °C, PtO becomes instable. Experiments with and without NO2 prove that small NO2 concentrations (<200 ppm) have no influence on the progress of platinum oxidation in the presence of 12% O2. Platinum oxidation is mainly driven by the high O2 concentration, which is confirmed by an observed deactivation of CO oxidation after reductive pretreatment. In a mixture of CO and NO, the light-off and light-out behaviour of both components is strongly modified by the other component.

Graphical abstractExperimental study of platinum oxide formation on a diesel oxidation catalyst. Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights▸ Slow deactivation of DOC due to platinum oxidation in lean exhaust gas. ▸ The pretreatment of the catalyst influences strongly its activity. ▸ NO is able to reduce PtO in a lean exhaust gas <220 °C. ▸ Thermal decomposition of PtO >300 °C. ▸ Proof of PtO formation by H2 titration.

Keywords
Diesel oxidation catalyst; Platinum oxide; Catalyst deactivation
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Platinum oxide formation and reduction during NO oxidation on a diesel oxidation catalyst – Experimental results
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 123–124, 23 July 2012, Pages 107–116
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us