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Copper and iodine co-modified TiO2 nanoparticles for improved activity of CO2 photoreduction with water vapor

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46144 46430 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
Copper and iodine co-modified TiO2 nanoparticles for improved activity of CO2 photoreduction with water vapor
Abstract

Copper and iodine co-modified TiO2 nanoparticles (Cu–I–TiO2) were synthesized through a combined hydrothermal and wet-impregnation process. The structures and properties of the catalysts were characterized by XRD, BET, SEM/EDX, XPS, and UV–vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. Iodine ions were doped in the TiO2 lattice by replacing Ti4+ and, consequently, Ti3+ was generated to balance the charge. Iodine doping reduced the TiO2 crystal size and was responsible for visible light absorption. Cu species were found to deposit on the surface of TiO2 and resulted in a slightly increased particle size. The activity of the Cu–I–TiO2 catalyst was investigated by the photocatalytic reduction of CO2 with water vapor, and CO was found to be the major reduction product with trace amounts of CH4 generated. Under UV–vis irradiation, the activity of the co-modified catalyst (Cu–I–TiO2) was higher than that of the single ion-modified catalysts (Cu–TiO2 or I–TiO2). Under visible light irradiation, the addition of Cu to I–TiO2 did not lead to significant improvements in CO2 reduction. Methyl chloride (CH3Cl) was detected as a reaction product when CuCl2 was used as the precursor in the synthesis, thus suggesting that methyl radicals are reaction intermediates. When CuCl2 was used as the Cu precursor, a three-fold increase in CO2 photoreduction activity was observed, as compared to when Cu(NO3)2 was used as the Cu precursor. These differences in activities were probably due to enhanced Cu dispersion and the hole-scavenging effects of the Cl ions. However, the formation of by-products (e.g., CH3Cl) may be undesirable.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights▸ TiO2 is modified by Cu deposited on the surface and iodine doped in the lattice. ▸ CO2 is photocatalytically reduced with water vapor and the major product is CO. ▸ The activity under UV and visible light is dependent on the catalyst composition. ▸ Cl species on the catalyst results in higher CO2 reduction and CH3Cl formation. ▸ Methyl (CH3) radicals may be one of the reaction intermediates.

Keywords
Photocatalysis; CO2 reduction; Solar energy; TiO2; Copper; Iodine
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Copper and iodine co-modified TiO2 nanoparticles for improved activity of CO2 photoreduction with water vapor
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 123–124, 23 July 2012, Pages 257–264
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us