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Enhancement of photocatalytic activity of titania–titanate nanotubes by surface modification

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46158 46430 2012 7 PDF Available
Title
Enhancement of photocatalytic activity of titania–titanate nanotubes by surface modification
Abstract

Hydrothermally prepared titanate nanotubes are known to be thermodynamically unstable and to be easily transformed to the titania phase by heat or acid treatment, which is accompanied by the destruction of the nanotube structures. Surface modification of titanate nanotubes is expected to retard the phase-transition reactions from titanate nanotubes to titania nanoparticles. In this study, we investigated the effects of surface modifications, such as fluorination or phosphation, on the phase-transition reactions of hydrothermally prepared titanate nanotubes under acidic conditions. After acid treatment, surface-modified titanate nanotubes maintained their nanotube structures, and spherical nanoparticles were partially formed in the titanate nanotubes. Unmodified titanate nanotubes, however, changed to elongated nanostructures and spherical nanoparticles. The surface modifications also strongly affected the crystalline phases and increased the BET surface area. The photocatalytic activities for methylene blue degradation and gaseous CH3CHO oxidation were strongly enhanced by the surface modifications. These effects were attributed to the anatase crystalline phase and the high surface area. Therefore, these surface modifications are useful methods to improve the photocatalytic activities of titanate nanotubes.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights▸ Titanate nanotubes are modified with NaF or AdP during acid treatment. ▸ Surface modified titanate nanotubes were relatively stable under acid treatment. ▸ The crystalline phases were also strongly affected by the surface modifications. ▸ The BET surface area was also increased by surface modifications. ▸ The photocatalytic activities were strongly enhanced by the surface modifications.

Keywords
Photocatalysis; Titanate nanotubes; Titania; Hydrothermal reaction; Surface modification
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 123–124, 23 July 2012, Pages 391–397
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us