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Influence of reaction parameters on the activity of ruthenium based catalysts for glycerol steam reforming

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46174 46433 2012 10 PDF Available
Title
Influence of reaction parameters on the activity of ruthenium based catalysts for glycerol steam reforming
Abstract

Mg(Al)O supported Ru catalysts with low loading of active metal (0.6 wt.%), obtained from simple inorganic salts, were tested, for the first time, in the steam reforming (SR) of glycerol to hydrogen rich mixtures. The catalysts, obtained by simple wet impregnation of Ru salts on a Mg(Al)O mixed oxide followed by high temperature oxidation/reduction treatments, were systematically characterized by numerous complementary techniques, both before and after their use in SR reaction. The changes of the performances (activity, selectivity and stability) of Ru/Mg(Al)O catalysts were studied, produced by varying reaction temperature (450–650 °C) at fixed glycerol concentration (10 wt.% in water), and by varying glycerol concentration (10–40 wt.% in water) at fixed reaction temperature (550 °C). The best performances (in terms of glycerol conversion, H2 yield and CO2 selectivity), at lowest reaction temperature, were obtained operating at 10 wt.% glycerol and 550 °C. Correspondingly, catalysts showed glycerol conversion, H2 yield and CO2 selectivity close to 100%. Methane was practically absent, CO selectivity was lower than 3.5% and coke deposition quite scarce (1.1 mgC gcat−1 h−1). However, at this temperature, catalysts exhibited stable, although lower, performances up to 40 wt.% glycerol concentrations. Significantly, catalytic performances could be improved increasing reaction temperature up to 650 °C keeping other advantages.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Low loaded ruthenium based catalyst supported on magnesium aluminum mixed oxide. ► Heterogeneous catalysts for glycerol steam reforming to hydrogen rich mixtures. ► High temperature and low glycerol concentrations result in highest performances. ► High glycerol concentrations result in low, but stable, activity. ► Coke and by-products are formed at low temperatures and high glycerol concentrations.

Keywords
Steam reforming; Glycerol; Hydrogen; Ruthenium; Magnesium aluminum mixed oxide; Coke
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Influence of reaction parameters on the activity of ruthenium based catalysts for glycerol steam reforming
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 121–122, 13 June 2012, Pages 40–49
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us