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Organic dye-sensitized TiO2 as a versatile photocatalyst for solar hydrogen and environmental remediation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46192 46433 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
Organic dye-sensitized TiO2 as a versatile photocatalyst for solar hydrogen and environmental remediation
Abstract

This study explores the applicability of organic dye-sensitized TiO2 particles in the production of molecular hydrogen and remediation of environmental pollutants (4-chlorophenol and Cr(VI)) under visible light (λ > 420 nm). In order to examine the effect of number of anchoring groups, Ru-free organic dyes of donor–π–acceptor configuration are prepared with different numbers (n) of carboxylate anchoring groups (n = 1, 2, and 3; referred to as D1, D2, and D3, respectively). All the three dyes are found to be effective at producing H2 in the presence of electron donors (triethanolamine (TEOA) and ethylenediaminetetra-acetic acid (EDTA)) with the following orders: D3–D2 > D1 (TEOA) and D3 > D2–D1 (EDTA). FTIR studies reveal that D1 and D3 are anchored to the TiO2 surface primarily via bidentate modes with a single carboxylate and two carboxylates, respectively. D2, in contrast, is anchored with one or two carboxylates, depending on the competing electron donors. The number of carboxylates is less important in the sensitized remediation of pollutants likely due to different photochemical conditions (oxic vs. anoxic) and various reaction pathways. A detailed systematic study is performed, including the UV–vis absorption characterization of free dyes and dye/TiO2 samples, the photoelectrochemical behaviors of dye/TiO2 electrodes, and the effects of dye concentrations, solution pH, and TiO2 kind (Degussa P25 vs. Hombikat UV-100).

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Ru-free organic dyes with different numbers of carboxylate groups are anchored to TiO2. ► All dyes are effective in producing H2 in the presence of electron donors. ► The sensitization effects change due to switched binding modes of the organic dyes. ► The dye structure is less important in the remediation of pollutants.

Keywords
Water splitting; Artificial photosynthesis; Dye structure; Cr reduction; Electron donors
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 121–122, 13 June 2012, Pages 206–213
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us