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Influence of oxygen addition on photocatalytic oxidation of aqueous ammonia over platinum-loaded TiO2

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46235 46435 2013 5 PDF Available
Title
Influence of oxygen addition on photocatalytic oxidation of aqueous ammonia over platinum-loaded TiO2
Abstract

•The decomposition rate was significantly increased by the addition of oxygen.•The influence of DO concentration on selectivity for nitrite and nitrate was examined.•The selectivity for nitrite and nitrate was suppressed as the initial concentration of ammonia was increased.

The oxidation of aqueous ammonia over a platinum-loaded TiO2 photocatalyst was investigated for purification of wastewater. The reaction rate for the decomposition of aqueous ammonia was significantly increased by the addition of oxygen to the reaction system. The enhancement of charge separation efficiency due to consumption of photogenerated electrons by oxygen increased the decomposition rate. For dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations below 0.09 mM, the initial decomposition rate and the selectivity for nitrite and nitrate increased as DO concentration increased. Although the selectivity for nitrite and nitrate was over 90% for the initial concentration of ammonia ([NH3]i) = 5.0 mM under an air flow, the selectivity was suppressed as the initial concentration of ammonia was increased, e.g., 43% for [NH3]i = 100 mM.

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Keywords
Photocatalysis; Water treatment; Aqueous ammonia; Titanium(IV) oxide
First Page Preview
Influence of oxygen addition on photocatalytic oxidation of aqueous ammonia over platinum-loaded TiO2
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 138–139, 17 July 2013, Pages 294–298
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis