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Unravelling the structure and reactivity of supported Ni particles in Ni-CeZrO2 catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46243 46435 2013 9 PDF Available
Title
Unravelling the structure and reactivity of supported Ni particles in Ni-CeZrO2 catalysts
Abstract

We report about the synthesis and characterisation of two NiCeZrO2 catalysts prepared by one pot-co-precipitation method. The two samples are characterised by similar chemical composition (15 wt% Ni, Ce/Zr = 80/20 atomic ratio) and properties of the CeZrO2 support, which is a cubic phase solid solution with nanometer sized (5–6 nm) crystalline hexagonal/roundish particles. The main differences between the samples are in the NiO particles dispersion and surface area, which were found to be affected by the synthesis pH. Both samples were characterised about their surface properties by employing FTIR spectroscopy of adsorbed CO probe, and tested about their activity and stability in methane steam reforming (MSR) reaction at relatively low temperature (793 K). The results show a good activity in MSR irrespective of the NiO size and morphology, with negligible CO formation, but a strong dependence of the catalysts stability upon these parameters. Only the catalyst with smaller (5–10 nm) NiO particles was found stable for 250 h in MSR at relatively high steam to carbon ratio (S/C = 2). This performance could be related to a positive effect of the CeZrO2 support, allowing fast and easy oxygen transfer to and from the NiO/Ni0 active phase, most likely thanks to the occurrence of a strong metal–support interaction.

Graphical abstractNiCeZrO2 catalysts studied about surface chemistry and MSR reaction.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► NiCeZrO2 catalysts were prepared by optimisation of one pot co-precipitation method. ► High dispersion of supported Ni phases gives good stability to deactivation in low temperature MSR. ► Surface reactivity explained by easy oxygen transfer from/to support.

Keywords
Methane steam reforming; CeZrO2; Ni carbonyls; FTIR spectroscopy; Solar energy
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Unravelling the structure and reactivity of supported Ni particles in Ni-CeZrO2 catalysts
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 138–139, 17 July 2013, Pages 353–361
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us