Improved low-temperature SCR activity for Fe-BEA catalysts by H2-pretreatment
•Improved low-temperature activity for Fe-BEA as NH3-SCR catalyst.•H2-pretreatment.•Catalyst regeneration after hydrothermal treatment.•Changes of the nature of the iron species.
A series of iron-exchanged zeolite beta catalysts (0.5–4 wt.% Fe) have been prepared by incipient wetness impregnation and tested for selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NOX with ammonia as reductant. The catalysts were characterized using BET, NH3-TPD and XPS before and after H2-pretreatment at 650 °C for 5 h. The NH3-SCR activity tests show that the samples pretreated by hydrogen exhibit higher low-temperature SCR activity compared to the fresh samples, while the high-temperature activity remains almost constant. The results clearly show that the high-temperature H2-treatment has a significant influence on the extent of different iron species formed in the zeolite. Furthermore, H2-treatment of hydrothermally aged samples can recover some of the initial activity, although not completely due irreversible dealumination during the ageing. By H2-pretreatment SCR catalysts with high iron loading and high activity can be prepared.
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Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 138–139, 17 July 2013, Pages 373–380