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Improvements to the photocatalytic efficiency of polyaniline modified TiO2 nanoparticles

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46319 46437 2013 7 PDF Available
Title
Improvements to the photocatalytic efficiency of polyaniline modified TiO2 nanoparticles
Abstract

Polyaniline/TiO2 nanocomposite powders were successfully synthesized by the oxidative polymerization of aniline with ammonium peroxydisulfate in water without the addition of acid, in the presence of colloidal TiO2 nanoparticles (d ∼ 4.5 nm). The morphological, structural, and optical properties of the synthesized nanocomposites prepared at initial TiO2/aniline mole ratios of 50, 100, and 150 were studied using transmission electron microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction, Raman and UV–vis spectroscopies. The presence of emeraldine salt and the base form of linear polyaniline (PANI) chains as well as the presence of phenazine units, branched PANI chains, oligomeric structures and short PANI chains in PANI/TiO2 nanocomposites was confirmed by Raman spectroscopy. The anatase crystal structure of TiO2 nanoparticles in all the nanocomposites was confirmed by X-ray powder diffraction measurements and by Raman spectroscopy. The photocatalytic activities of PANI/TiO2 nanocomposites were evaluated using the photocatalytic degradation of Rhodamine B and Methylene blue as model compounds and compared with the activity of bare colloidal TiO2 nanoparticles. Enhanced degradation efficiencies in the dyes used were observed. A possible explanation for the PANI/TiO2 photocatalytic activities was suggested, taking into account the influence of the molecular structures of the used dyes and PANI in PANI/TiO2 nanocomposites.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Surface modified TiO2 nanocrystals by PANI synthesized without added acid/surfactants. ► The presence of subnanometer thick PANI layer on TiO2 NPs was confirmed. ► Multiple increase of photocatalytic activity of PANI modified TiO2 nanoparticles. ► Emeraldine salt and base forms of PANI- the best PANI/TiO2 photocatalyst.

Keywords
Photocatalysis; TiO2; Polyaniline
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 136–137, 5 June 2013, Pages 133–139
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us