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A facile and efficient synthesis of styrene carbonate via cycloaddition of CO2 to styrene oxide over ordered mesoporous MCM-41-Imi/Br catalyst

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46321 46437 2013 10 PDF Available
Title
A facile and efficient synthesis of styrene carbonate via cycloaddition of CO2 to styrene oxide over ordered mesoporous MCM-41-Imi/Br catalyst
Abstract

MCM-41 was successfully immobilized with imidazole using 3-chloropropyltriethoxysilane (CPTES) as the anchoring agent followed by alkylation with 1,2-dibromoethane at 110 °C. The resulting catalyst was designated as MCM-41-Imi/Br. TEM showed the catalyst had ordered mesoporous straight-channels with average wall thickness of 2.14 nm and average pore size of 1.56 nm. The 29Si MAS NMR analysis confirmed the presence of T2, T3, Q3 and Q4 silicon centers. The 13C MAS NMR showed that MCM-41-Imi/Br had three chemical shifts corresponding to the three carbon atoms of the propyl group. The aromatic imidazole peaks were detected at 110–140 ppm. The catalyst was used in the solvent-less synthesis of styrene carbonate (SC) from CO2 and styrene oxide (SO) under ambient conditions. It was demonstrated that the synergistic effect due to the stronger nucleophilicity of Br− and amine in the catalyst could lead to a maximum selectivity of 99.1%. Based on the results, a plausible reaction mechanism was proposed for the catalytic reaction. The catalyst could be recovered and reused several times without significant loss in the catalytic activity.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► MCM-41 was synthesized from rice husk ash (RHA) via simple sol–gel technique. ► MCM-41-Imi/Br was prepared by post-grafting method. ► MCM-41-Imi/Br exhibited ordered mesoporous straight channels with SBET of 130 m2 g−1. ► The catalyst showed high activity in cycloaddition with 100% conversion.

Keywords
Cycloaddition; Styrene oxide; Styrene carbonate; Carbon dioxide; Imidazole
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A facile and efficient synthesis of styrene carbonate via cycloaddition of CO2 to styrene oxide over ordered mesoporous MCM-41-Imi/Br catalyst
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 136–137, 5 June 2013, Pages 150–159
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us