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Synthesis of Pt-based hollow nanoparticles using carbon-supported Co@Pt and Ni@Pt core–shell structures as templates: Electrocatalytic activity for the oxygen reduction reaction

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46344 46437 2013 10 PDF Available
Title
Synthesis of Pt-based hollow nanoparticles using carbon-supported Co@Pt and Ni@Pt core–shell structures as templates: Electrocatalytic activity for the oxygen reduction reaction
Abstract

Pt-based hollow nanoparticles were investigated as electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) in acid electrolyte. The electrocatalysts were synthesized via Ni or Co diffusion/dissolution, induced by the vacancy-mediated Kirkendall effect, during electrochemical potential cycling of Ni@Pt and Co@Pt core–shell nanoparticles in acid media. The nanoparticles were characterized by high resolution transmission electron microscopy, in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction measurements. The results show substantial differences in nanoparticle structure/composition and in the activity for the ORR, depending on the nature of the non-noble metal in the nanoparticle core. The Pt hollow nanostructures showed higher specific catalytic activity than that of the state-of-the-art Pt/C electrocatalyst. This was attributed to three main effects: (i) hollow-induced lattice contraction in the multilayer Pt shells, (ii) mismatch-induced lattice contraction of the thick Pt shell by the remaining Ni or Co atoms and (iii) a ligand effect, due to the electronic interaction of Pt with the remaining Ni or Co atoms in the Pt multilayers of the hollow structure. These three effects caused a Pt d-band center down-shift, which decreased the adsorption strength of oxygenated reaction intermediates and spectators, thus increasing the ORR rate.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Electrocatalysts exhibited hollow-induced lattice contraction. ► Ligand effect played important role on the activity for the ORR. ► Hollow@NiPt/C presented high specific activity. ► High activity of Hollow@NiPt/C associated to the faster reduction of oxygenated species.

Keywords
Pt hollow electrocatalysts; Core–shell nanoparticles; Oxygen reduction reaction
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Synthesis of Pt-based hollow nanoparticles using carbon-supported Co@Pt and Ni@Pt core–shell structures as templates: Electrocatalytic activity for the oxygen reduction reaction
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 136–137, 5 June 2013, Pages 351–360
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us