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Plasma assisted heterogeneous catalytic oxidation: HCCI Diesel engine investigations

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46349 46438 2012 9 PDF Available
Title
Plasma assisted heterogeneous catalytic oxidation: HCCI Diesel engine investigations
Abstract

A significant augmentation of the oxidation rate of carbon monoxide and unburned hydrocarbons has been previously demonstrated when the two processes of atmospheric pressure dielectric barrier discharge and Diesel oxidation catalysis were used simultaneously. In the case of carbon monoxide oxidation, the rate increase was attributed to a heterogeneous reaction of ozone with carbon monoxide. Ozone injection is investigated along with the direct application of the plasma to the gas upstream of a Diesel oxidation catalyst on a Diesel engine test bench. When used on the Diesel engine exhaust in steady state conditions, depending on the engine regime, the two processes had different effects on the gas composition. Both processes induced heating of the catalyst: while the plasma treatment of the entire gas flux heated the gas itself, and therefore also heated the catalyst, the injection of ozone heated the catalyst solely through the heat of reaction of ozone with the adsorbed species. Mechanisms for these effects are proposed and the performance of each approach is discussed in terms of energy cost and technical feasibility.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Non-thermal plasma was used to assist a Diesel oxidation catalyst in two different engine regimes. ► Two modes of plasma were investigated: direct in-line upstream and ozone injection. ► Thermal effects were observed for in-line and heterogeneous reactions for ozone injection. ► Ozone injection mode presents certain advantages, including lower investment costs.

Keywords
Diesel oxidation catalysis; Non-thermal plasma; Ozone; Unburned hydrocarbons; Carbon monoxide
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 117–118, 18 May 2012, Pages 1–9
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us