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Highly active catalysts for the photooxidation of organic compounds by deposition of [60] fullerene onto the MCM-41 surface: A green approach for the synthesis of fine chemicals

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46353 46438 2012 13 PDF Available
Title
Highly active catalysts for the photooxidation of organic compounds by deposition of [60] fullerene onto the MCM-41 surface: A green approach for the synthesis of fine chemicals
Abstract

A series of C60 catalysts supported on MCM-41 was prepared in the context of developing a highly active heterogeneous catalytic system for the singlet oxygen-mediated oxidation of organic substrates. Successive incipient wetness impregnation was used for preparing 3, 6, 9 and 12 wt.% C60 onto MCM-41 surface. N2 adsorption, FT-IR, XRD, HR-TEM, DRS and TGA, have been used to characterize the photocatalysts.It was found that C60 is highly dispersed (especially in the 3 and 6 wt.% C60 catalysts) within the mesopores or on the external surface of MCM-41, as clusters or crystallites/aggregates of very small size and presumably in the form of atomic layers. The mesoporous structure and characteristics (surface area, mesopore size and volume) of MCM-41 remain almost intact upon deposition of C60 on its surface.The photocatalytic activity was assessed in the photocatalytic oxidation of olefins via the singlet oxygen ene reaction by studying the photooxygenation of 2-methyl-2-heptene as a probe reaction. The catalytic tests were carried out at 0–5 °C in CH3CN under oxygen atmosphere and using a 300 W xenon lamp as the light source. To investigate further the potential applications of our catalysts we examined various types of photooxidations including the [4 + 2] or [2 + 2] cycloaddition, the heteroatom oxidation with sulfur or phosphorus containing compounds and the oxidation of phenols.The heterogeneous photocatalysts obtained were proved to be very active exhibiting higher substrate conversion, TON and TOF values, compared to those of the unsupported (solid) C60 and the corresponding photocatalysts supported on silica or γ-alumina. This was mainly attributed to the better dispersion of C60 on the MCM-41. The conversion achieved over the catalysts increases with the amount of the supported C60 up to a value of 6 wt.% and then it decreases whereas the TON and TOF values decrease monotonically as the amount of the supported C60 increases following the increase in the size of the supported C60 crystallites/aggregates. Shadow effects were not observed under our experimental conditions.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Successive incipient wetness impregnation is an efficient method for dispersing effectively C60 on MCM-41. ► C60 is highly dispersed on MCM-41 due to its high surface area. ► The 6 wt.% C60/MCM-41 catalyst is the most active in the photooxidation of organic compounds. ► C60/MCM-41 catalysts retain the advantages of homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis.

Keywords
C60; Photocatalysis; Singlet oxygen; Photooxidation; Supported catalysts; C60/MCM-41
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Highly active catalysts for the photooxidation of organic compounds by deposition of [60] fullerene onto the MCM-41 surface: A green approach for the synthesis of fine chemicals
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 117–118, 18 May 2012, Pages 36–48
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
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