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A KrCl exciplex flow-through photoreactor for degrading 4-chlorophenol: Experimental and modelling

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46369 46438 2012 10 PDF Available
Title
A KrCl exciplex flow-through photoreactor for degrading 4-chlorophenol: Experimental and modelling
Abstract

A KrCl exciplex flow-through photoreactor has been used for the removal of 4-chlorophenol. UV/H2O2 and photo-Fenton processes were tested. Considering the degradation of the different compounds, the molar ratio H2O2:4-chlorophenol did not show a significant influence on 4-chlorophenol while an optimum ratio of 25:1 was established for the photoproducts. The presence of the Fenton reagent led to a considerable improvement in the photodegradation of both the substrate and by-products, and an optimum Fe2+ concentration of 5 mg L−1 was determined. Under these conditions, total degradation was attained for a range of substrate concentrations between 50 and 150 mg L−1 and for reaction volumes of 500 ml. A photodegradation mechanism was also proposed, based on the formation of two intermediate compounds that quickly degrade to the primary photoproducts previously identified. A kinetic model was developed and theoretical conversion values of the 4-chlorophenol and the photoproducts were compared with the experimental ones, reaching a high degree of agreement (xcalc = 0.9964 xexp, R2 = 0.9986) and validating the proposed model. This system simulation using relatively high reaction volumes and including the by-products in the kinetic equations represents a first approach with a view to operating in continuous or semi-continuous systems that allow the scaling up of the process.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► KrCl exciplex flow-through photoreactor successfully used to remove 4-chlorophenol. ► Analysis of influence of operational conditions. ► Photo-Fenton process allowed total degradation of substrate and by-products. ► Mechanism and kinetic model for substrate and by-products proposed and validated.

Keywords
4-Chlorophenol; Kinetic model; Photodegradation; UV; Excilamp; KrCl photoreactor
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A KrCl exciplex flow-through photoreactor for degrading 4-chlorophenol: Experimental and modelling
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 117–118, 18 May 2012, Pages 194–203
Authors
, , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us