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Study of potassium-supported TiO2 catalysts for the production of biodiesel

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46376 46438 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
Study of potassium-supported TiO2 catalysts for the production of biodiesel
Abstract

A hydrotreated TiO2 supported potassium catalyst, K/TiHT, was studied on the transesterification reaction of canola oil for the production of biodiesel. It was found that the calcination at different temperatures led to the transformation of the supported potassium catalyst into a titanate form of oxide. This was accompanied by a substantial increase in activity. Leaching studies found that although some potassium and titania was left in the products, the reaction mainly occurred in heterogeneous conditions. The contribution of the leached components to the activity was only minor. The recovered catalyst was then used in successive reactions producing stable conversions. A maximum conversion was achieved with the catalyst calcined at 700 °C. Optimum reaction conditions were obtained when using a catalyst loading of 6% (w/w), a methanol to oil ratio of 54:1, and a temperature of reaction of 55 °C.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► A hydrotreated TiO2 supported potassium catalyst showed high activity to biodiesel. ► The calcination led to a form of potassium titanate with an increase in activity. ► Leached species into the reaction media had only minor activity. ► The recovered catalyst was used in successive reactions with stable conversions. ► A maximum conversion was achieved with the catalyst calcined at 700 °C.

Keywords
Heterogeneous transesterification; Biodiesel; Canola oil; Potassium; TiO2
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Study of potassium-supported TiO2 catalysts for the production of biodiesel
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 117–118, 18 May 2012, Pages 260–267
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
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