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Polymer electrolyte fuel cell supplied with carbon dioxide. Can be the reductant water instead of hydrogen?

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46383 46438 2012 4 PDF Available
Title
Polymer electrolyte fuel cell supplied with carbon dioxide. Can be the reductant water instead of hydrogen?
Abstract

Polymer-electrolyte fuel cell supplying CO2 was demonstrated. Using a PEFC, 95 mol% of methanol was selectively formed by supplying H2 to Pt catalyst and CO2 to Zn-Cu-Ga layered double hydroxide catalyst accompanying protons and electrons transfer, i.e. H2 → 2H+ + 2e− at anode followed by CO2 + 6H+ + 6e− → CH3OH + H2O at cathode. Using PEFC, CO2 reduction with water was also enabled to methanol (100–86 mol%) in contrast that negligible amount of methanol was formed if mixed oxidation and reduction catalysts were under CO2 and moisture. At anode, water was dissociated over Pt catalyst to provide protons (H2O → OH(adsorbed) + H+ + e−) that transferred to Zn-Cu-Ga catalysts at cathode on which CO2 was progressively reduced to methanol (CO2 + 6H+ + 6e− → CH3OH + H2O).

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► PEFC current was obtained by supplying H2 to Pt/C and CO2 to Zn-Cu-Ga catalyst. ► Utilizing PEFC, methanol was formed even from water and CO2. ► Methanol synthesis using PEFC was compared to a test for Pt/C and Zn-Cu-Ga mixture. ► Negligible methanol was formed from water and CO2 for the mixed catalysts. ► Water was partially decomposed and protons apparently moved in Nafion to cathode.

Keywords
Carbon dioxide; Water; Methanol; Fuel cell; PEFC; Reductant; Proton transfer
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Polymer electrolyte fuel cell supplied with carbon dioxide. Can be the reductant water instead of hydrogen?
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 117–118, 18 May 2012, Pages 317–320
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
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