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Ni/SiO2 and Ni/ZrO2 catalysts for the steam reforming of ethanol

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46391 46438 2012 13 PDF Available
Title
Ni/SiO2 and Ni/ZrO2 catalysts for the steam reforming of ethanol
Abstract

SiO2 and ZrO2 supported Ni catalysts were prepared for use in the steam reforming of ethanol. The catalytic performances, in terms of both H2 productivity and stability towards coking and sintering, were related to the physico-chemical properties of the catalysts.The samples were prepared either by synthesis of the support by precipitation and subsequent impregnation with the active phase, or by direct synthesis through flame pyrolysis. The latter has been chosen because it leads to nanostructured oxides, often quenched in very disperse or metastable form, characterised by high thermal resistance, important for this high temperature application.Many techniques have been used to assess the physico-chemical properties of the catalysts. The samples showed different textural, structural and morphological properties, as well as different reducibility and thermal resistance, depending on the preparation method and support. Therefore, besides evaluating the effect of catalyst formulation and preparation method on the catalytic performance, the influence of all such properties has been considered. The fundamental parameter governing the final catalyst properties was metal–support interaction. In particular, the stronger the latter parameter, the higher was metal dispersion, leading to small and stable Ni clusters. This influenced both activity and the resistance towards coking. Surface acidity was also taken into account considering the effect of the different nature of acid sites (silanols or Lewis a.s.) of both support and metal phase on catalyst deactivation. The best results were obtained with a 10 wt% Ni/SiO2 sample, prepared by FP, when tested at 625 °C. H2 productivity of 1.44 mol H2/min kgcat was reached, corresponding to ca. 80% of the maximum value achievable under the selected conditions. This result was accompanied by the lowest CO/CO2 ratio and 100% carbon balance without by-products in the outflowing gas.

Graphical abstractConversion, products distribution and C balance during the steam reforming of bioethanol depended on both surface acidity and on the stability of the Ni clusters. The latter was in turn dependent on the metal–support interaction and tuneable during catalyst synthesis.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Set up and comparison of different synthesis methods for reforming catalysts. ► Comparison of activity and stability under different reaction conditions. ► Correlation of activity and stability with surface acidity and metal dispersion. ► 80% of equilibrium conversion reached at 625 °C with stable performance.

Keywords
Ethanol steam reforming; Flame pyrolysis; Ni/ZrO2; Ni/SiO2; Metal–support interaction
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Ni/SiO2 and Ni/ZrO2 catalysts for the steam reforming of ethanol
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 117–118, 18 May 2012, Pages 384–396
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us