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Finding the best Fe2+/Cu2+ combination for the solar photoelectro-Fenton treatment of simulated wastewater containing the industrial textile dye Disperse Blue 3

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46412 46439 2012 10 PDF Available
Title
Finding the best Fe2+/Cu2+ combination for the solar photoelectro-Fenton treatment of simulated wastewater containing the industrial textile dye Disperse Blue 3
Abstract

The performance of the solar photoelectro-Fenton (SPEF) process with Fe2+ and Cu2+ as metal co-catalysts and its application to the treatment of solutions simulating Disperse Blue 3 (DB3) dye bath effluents of a Chilean textile company are reported in this paper. The trials were carried out with 2.5 l solutions using a solar pre-pilot plant containing an electrochemical reactor with a 20 cm2 BDD anode and air-diffusion cathode, coupled to a 600 ml solar photoreactor. DB3 solutions with 0.1 M Na2SO4 at pH 3.0 were electrolyzed to assess the effect of the applied current density, catalyst nature and concentration and dye content on the decolorization rate, dye removal and total organic carbon (TOC) abatement. The SPEF treatments using 0.5 mM Fe2+ + 0.1 mM Cu2+ led to the quickest degradation kinetics, mainly due to the concomitant action of UV photolysis and the generated oxidizing hydroxyl radicals on the organic molecules and/or their Cu(II) and Fe(III) complexes. Based on the identification of up to 15 aromatic by-products by GC–MS, a reaction scheme for DB3 degradation has been proposed. The progressive color and TOC removal of DB3 solutions were due to various changes undergone by the initial anthraquinonic structure, including the modification/addition of auxochromes giving 6 anthraquinonic by-products and its cleavage to yield compounds with 2 aromatic rings due to intermolecular cyclization or 1 aromatic ring mainly in the form of phthalic acid derivatives. Upon cleavage of these aromatics, maleic, oxalic, oxamic, pyruvic and acetic acids were formed. NO3− ions were released to a larger extent than NH4+ ions. The great efficacy of SPEF with Fe2+ and Cu2+ was demonstrated for simulated wastewater containing DB3 and industrial surfactants and additives at 50 mA cm−2, allowing their total decolorization and almost overall mineralization in only 150 and 360 min, with an energy consumption of 11.0 and 26.4 kWh m−3, respectively.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Dye treatment by solar photoelectro-Fenton (SPEF) catalyzed by Fe2+ and Cu2+ ions. ► Treatment of simulated wastewaters of a textile company with Disperse Blue 3. ► Cu2+ favors the Fe2+ regeneration and easier oxidation of Cu(II) complexes by OH. ► Reaction scheme including anthraquinones, heterocycles and phthalic acid derivatives. ► Overall decolorization and mineralization with relatively low energy consumptions.

Keywords
Anthraquinonic dyes; Boron-doped diamond anode; Metal catalysts; Solar photoelectro-Fenton; Wastewater treatment
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Finding the best Fe2+/Cu2+ combination for the solar photoelectro-Fenton treatment of simulated wastewater containing the industrial textile dye Disperse Blue 3
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 115–116, 5 April 2012, Pages 107–116
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us