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Template-free synthesis of polymer-derived mesoporous SiOC/TiO2 and SiOC/N-doped TiO2 ceramic composites for application in the removal of organic dyes from contaminated water

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46433 46439 2012 11 PDF Available
Title
Template-free synthesis of polymer-derived mesoporous SiOC/TiO2 and SiOC/N-doped TiO2 ceramic composites for application in the removal of organic dyes from contaminated water
Abstract

Mesoporous SiOC/TiO2 and SiOC/N-doped TiO2 (nitrogen-doped TiO2) ceramic composites were prepared by the incorporation of TiO2 (containing 65 wt.% anatase and 35 wt.% rutile) and N-doped TiO2 powders into vinyl-functionalized polysiloxane polymer followed by pyrolysis at 700–900 °C for 2 h in argon atmosphere. The N-doped TiO2 powders were obtained by ammonolysis of commercial TiO2 nanopowders. The resulting samples were characterized by means of X-ray diffraction, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy and nitrogen physisorption. The specific surface area (SBET) values of the as-prepared SiOC ceramic and SiOC/TiO2 and SiOC/N-doped TiO2 ceramic composites decreased with increasing the pyrolysis temperature due to a gradual collapse of small pores. A transformation from microporous SiOC ceramic (pore-size <2 nm) to mesoporous SiOC/TiO2 and SiOC/N-doped TiO2 ceramic composites (pore-size ∼4 nm) was analyzed. Adsorption and photocatalytic activity of the resulting samples were evaluated by measuring the decrease in concentration of methylene blue (MB) after adsorption in the dark and photodegradation reaction under UV–vis light irradiation, respectively. Pure microporous SiOC ceramic showed no significant adsorption as well as photocatalytic activity for MB because of its high microporosity and low solid acidity, respectively, whereas mesoporous SiOC/TiO2 and SiOC/N-doped TiO2 ceramic composites exhibited higher adsorption and photocatalytic activities. The photodegradation rate constant k(×10−3 min−1) of the samples increased in the following order: 1.3 for SiOC ceramic <2.2 for SiOC/TiO2 <3.4 for SiOC/N-doped TiO2. The highest k for the SiOC/N-doped TiO2 ceramic composite is discussed in terms of the change of the electronic structures and crystallinity of N-doped TiO2 if compared with pure TiO2. These polymer-derived ceramic composites can be applied for the purification of water contaminated with organic dyes without the need for hydrogen peroxide.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Microporous SiOC ceramic transforms to mesoporous ceramic composites. ► TiO2 and N-doped TiO2 particles are homogenously distributed in the SiOC matrices. ► Anatase-to-rutile transformation is delayed in the SiOC/N-doped TiO2 composite. ► SiOC/N-doped TiO2 composite shows lower SBET values compared to SiOC/TiO2 composite. ► N-doped TiO2-containing composite presents the highest photocatalytic activity.

Keywords
Polymer-derived ceramics; SiOC matrix; Titania; Ceramic composite; Photocatalyst; Nitrogen doping; UV–vis light irradiation
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Template-free synthesis of polymer-derived mesoporous SiOC/TiO2 and SiOC/N-doped TiO2 ceramic composites for application in the removal of organic dyes from contaminated water
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 115–116, 5 April 2012, Pages 303–313
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us