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Mechanistic investigation of hydrothermal aging of Cu-Beta for ammonia SCR

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46449 46440 2012 9 PDF Available
Title
Mechanistic investigation of hydrothermal aging of Cu-Beta for ammonia SCR
Abstract

The selective catalytic reduction of NOx with NH3 over a Cu-BEA catalyst was studied after hydrothermal aging between 500 and 900 °C. The corresponding catalyst was characterized using XPS and XRD techniques in the aging interval of 500, 700 and 800 °C. No structural changes during the aging process were observed. However, the oxidation state of copper changed during aging and more Cu2+ was formed. We suggest that one of the deactivation mechanisms is the decrease of the Cu+ species. The NO oxidation and NH3 oxidation activity was decreased with increasing aging temperature. Further, we observed that the ammonia oxidation was decreased faster compared to the SCR reactions at low aging temperatures. The experiments from the calorimeter as well as from the ammonia TPD investigations indicate a trend towards more weakly bound ammonia with higher aging temperatures. From the results of the SCR experiments using different NO2/NOx ratios and ammonia oxidation experiments we suggest that most of the N2O is coming from side reactions of the SCR mechanism and not from reactions between NH3 and O2 alone. Interestingly, we observe that after the 900 °C aging a quite large activity remained for the case with 75% NO2/NOx ratio. The N2O production shows a maximum at 200 °C, but increases again at higher temperatures. However, the N2O formed at low temperature is decreased after hydrothermal aging while the high temperature N2O is increased. We propose that the different reactions examined in this work do not all occur on the same type of sites, since we observe different aging trends for some of the reactions.

Graphical abstractNH3 SCR over a Cu-BEA catalyst was studied after hydrothermal aging between 500 and 900 °C. The figure shows one case with 50% NO2/NOx ratio. Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► The hydrothermal aging behavior of a Cu-BEA model catalyst was studied. ► No significant change of the physical structure could be observed using XRD for a sample aged between 500 and 800 °C. ► We observe a decrease in Cu+ using XPS, which could be one of the deactivation mechanisms. ► TPD and calorimeter experiments show a trend towards less strongly bound ammonia with increasing aging temperatures. ► Different reactions show different trends during aging. Thus it is possible that there are different active sites.

Keywords
Ammonia; SCR; Aging; Hydrothermal; Oxidation; Calorimeter; DSC; Zeolite; Beta; Heat of adsorption; XPS; XRD
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Mechanistic investigation of hydrothermal aging of Cu-Beta for ammonia SCR
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 111–112, 12 January 2012, Pages 58–66
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us