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Catalytic and redox properties of bimetallic Cu–Ni systems combined with CeO2 or Gd-doped CeO2 for methane oxidation and decomposition

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46453 46440 2012 10 PDF Available
Title
Catalytic and redox properties of bimetallic Cu–Ni systems combined with CeO2 or Gd-doped CeO2 for methane oxidation and decomposition
Abstract

Two catalysts combining Cu–Ni with CeO2 and Gd-doped CeO2, respectively, are comparatively examined with respect to redox and catalytic properties towards interaction with CH4. For this, catalysts in oxidised starting states are explored by means of CH4-TPR tests up to 973 K. Characterization of initial and final states of the catalysts is accomplished by means of XRD, Raman spectroscopy and EXAFS while carbon deposits formed during interaction with CH4 are examined by TPO, Raman spectroscopy and SEM–EDX. Oxygen handling characteristics of the catalysts are examined by means of oxygen isotopic exchange experiments. In turn, redox changes produced during the course of CH4-TPR tests are explored by operando-XANES. Methane oxidation or decomposition processes are observed as a function of redox state of the catalysts and sites involved in each of the processes are identified on the basis of the multitechnique approach employed.

Graphical abstract. A multitechnique approach is employed to identify active sites involved in methane oxidation and decomposition processes over catalysts of Cu–Ni combined with CeO2 or Gd-doped CeO2 during the course of CH4-TPR tests.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Redox/catalytic correlations for CH4 oxidation/decomposition during CH4-TPR over Cu–Ni/CeO2 vs. CGO catalysts are established. ► A promoting effect of Gd on CH4 oxidation by copper or nickel oxide phases in the catalysts is revealed. ► CH4 decomposition is produced over Cu–Ni alloys formed during the course of interaction of the oxidised catalysts with CH4. ► Oxygen species from fluorite CeO2 or CGO phases of the catalysts basically intervene in syngas formation.

Keywords
SOFC anode; Methane direct oxidation; Methane decomposition; Copper; Nickel; CeO2; CGO
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Catalytic and redox properties of bimetallic Cu–Ni systems combined with CeO2 or Gd-doped CeO2 for methane oxidation and decomposition
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 111–112, 12 January 2012, Pages 96–105
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us