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Microkinetic modelling for selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NOx by propane in a silver-based automotive catalytic converter

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46461 46440 2012 13 PDF Available
Title
Microkinetic modelling for selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NOx by propane in a silver-based automotive catalytic converter
Abstract

A numerical simulation is designed in order to better understand the selective catalytic reduction of NOx by propane (C3H8-SCR) in the presence of hydrogen. The simulation was designed for a single channel of a monolith typical for automotive catalytic converters, coated with a silver alumina catalyst (Ag/Al2O3). The complicated physical and chemical processes occurring during the reactions are solved by computational fluid dynamics (CFD) coupled with a surface-reaction mechanism. This mechanism is developed based on detailed microkinetic analysis. The elementary-step-like surface reaction mechanism (consisting of 94 reactions, 24 gas-phase species and 24 adsorbed surface species) is applied to investigate the effect on the conversion of NOx to N2 of chemical kinetic steps, such as intermediate species. Results from the modelling emphatically agree with the experimental data. The modelling can predict the NOx conversion at various operating conditions. Furthermore, the modelling can also provide information that is difficult to measure, for example predicts the channel wall temperature and surface coverage of surface species.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Detailed elementary reaction mechanism for C3H8-SCR with hydrogen. ► Rate parameters estimated by using microkinetic analysis. ► Two-dimensional Navier–Stokes equations coupled with a surface-reaction mechanism. ► Heat and mass-transfer correlation to link surface and bulk properties not required.

Keywords
HC-SCR; Ag/Al2O3; Emissions; Modelling
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Microkinetic modelling for selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NOx by propane in a silver-based automotive catalytic converter
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 111–112, 12 January 2012, Pages 165–177
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us