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Effect of particle size on the activity and durability of the Pt/C electrocatalyst for proton exchange membrane fuel cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46471 46440 2012 7 PDF Available
Title
Effect of particle size on the activity and durability of the Pt/C electrocatalyst for proton exchange membrane fuel cells
Abstract

Carbon supported Pt (Pt/C) with various average particle sizes ranging from sub 3 nm to 6.5 nm were in situ prepared and characterized at the cathode of proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs). A clear Pt particle size effect on both the catalytic activity for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and the durability of the electrocatalyst was revealed. With the Pt particle size increase, both the surface specific activity and the electrochemical stability of Pt/C improved; however, the mass specific activity of Pt/C is balanced by the electrochemical surface area loss. The reduced occupation of corner and edge atoms on the Pt surface during the Pt particle size increase is believed to weaken the adsorption of the oxygenated species on Pt, and thereafter releases more available active sites for ORR and also renders the Pt surface a stronger resistance against potential cycling. It is therefore proposed that by designing the Pt microstructure with more face atoms on the surface, cathode electrocatalyst with both improved activity and enhanced durability would be developed for PEMFCs.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► In situ electrochemical synthesis for Pt with various particle sizes. ► Surface specific activity and electrochemical stability improved with Pt particle size increase. ► Reduced defects on the Pt surface weaken the adsorption of oxygenated species releasing more available active sites. ► Fuel cell durability sharply increased when Pt exceeding 3 nm. ► Designing Pt with more face atom occupation would obtain more active and durable PEMFC catalyst.

Keywords
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells; Pt/C electrocatalyst; Particle size; Activity; Durability
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Effect of particle size on the activity and durability of the Pt/C electrocatalyst for proton exchange membrane fuel cells
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 111–112, 12 January 2012, Pages 264–270
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us