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Stability of sludge flocs under shear conditions

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
4648 236 2008 7 PDF Available
Title
Stability of sludge flocs under shear conditions
Abstract

The shear stability and surface characteristics of aerobic and anaerobic flocs that are formed in biological wastewater treatment processes were investigated. The aerobic flocs of activated sludge were found to be more stable during the shear test, with a low shear sensitivity of 0.032, than the anaerobic flocs of sludge digestion, which had a higher shear sensitivity of 0.088. In addition, the surface characteristics of the sludge flocs, such as hydrophobicity, surface charge and fractal dimension, changed rather differently for the aerobic and anaerobic flocs during the shear tests. The significant changes took place in the first 30 min when the flocs were exposed to an elevated shear and little change was observed in the later stages of the shear tests. For quantitative description on the concentration of small primary particles in sludge solution, a modified adhesion–erosion model was used to describe the stability of the sludge flocs under shear conditions. The modification takes into account the effect of Brownian motion on particle dynamics in a sludge suspension, which effectively extends the application of the model to systems with a low shear intensity.

Keywords
Aerobic sludge; Anaerobic sludge; Shear sensitivity; Sludge flocs; Stability; Surface characteristics
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 38, Issue 3, 15 March 2008, Pages 302–308
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
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