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Oxy-chlorination as an effective treatment of aged Pd/CeO2-Al2O3 catalysts for Pd redispersion

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46482 46440 2012 11 PDF Available
Title
Oxy-chlorination as an effective treatment of aged Pd/CeO2-Al2O3 catalysts for Pd redispersion
Abstract

The present work reports on the effects of oxy-chlorine gas treatment (use of Cl2/O2/He gas mixture) applied on a 5 wt% Pd/20 wt% CeO2-Al2O3 catalyst towards Pd redispersion. X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), temperature programmed reduction in H2 (H2-TPR) and in situ diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transformed spectroscopy (DRIFTS) NO chemisorption techniques were employed before and after use of the oxy-chlorine gas treatment to critically evaluate its efficiency. The composition (x vol% Cl2/18 vol% O2/He), temperature, and time on stream were investigated. The first two parameters were found to largely dictate optimum Pd redispersion, namely the use of a 2 vol% Cl2/18 vol% O2/He gas mixture at 500 °C for 1 h, where a significant reduction of an initial Pd mean particle size of 17.3–7.5 nm was obtained. XPS studies revealed that after oxy-chlorine gas treatment followed by H2 reduction at 500 °C, complete elimination of Cl from the Pd surface was achieved. The oxygen storage capacity (OSC) of the catalyst measured following different oxy-chlorine gas treatments was found to significantly increase. Catalytic activity towards CO oxidation along with in situ DRIFTS NO chemisorption studies proved the large effect of the oxy-chlorine gas treatment on increasing the CO oxidation rate and the extent of NO chemisorption. Alternative treatment in oxygen gas atmosphere at high temperatures (500–850 °C) followed by H2 reduction (300–500 °C) applied over the same catalyst failed to cause significant redispersion of Pd as observed with the oxy-chlorine gas treatment.

Graphical abstractEffect of oxy-chlorine gas treatment followed by H2 reduction applied over a 5 wt% Pd/20 wt% CeO2-Al2O3 catalyst on the CO oxidation reaction.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Oxy-chlorine gas treatment can reduce Pd particle size from 17 to 8 nm in Pd/CeO2-Al2O3. ► Oxy-chlorine gas treatment over 5 wt% Pd/CeO2-Al2O3 increases significantly OSC. ► Oxy-chlorine gas treatment over 5 wt% Pd/CeO2-Al2O3 increases significantly CO oxidation rates and NO chemisorption. ► Oxy-chlorine gas treatment over 5 wt% Pd/CeO2-Al2O3 improves Pd–ceria support interactions in favour of OSC. ► Oxy-chlorine gas treatment for Pd redispersion on Pd/CeO2-Al2O3 is superior to O2/H2 treatments.

Keywords
Pd redispersion; X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; Oxygen storage capacity; Oxy-chlorination treatment; CO oxidation; NO chemisorption
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Oxy-chlorination as an effective treatment of aged Pd/CeO2-Al2O3 catalysts for Pd redispersion
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 111–112, 12 January 2012, Pages 349–359
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us