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Strategies for enhanced CWPO of phenol solutions

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46517 46440 2012 8 PDF Available
Title
Strategies for enhanced CWPO of phenol solutions
Abstract

The performance of a commercial CuO/alumina catalyst used in the catalytic wet peroxide oxidation (CWPO) of 1 g/l phenol solutions is investigated in a batch reactor. The effect of temperature, catalyst load, hydrogen peroxide concentration and dosage strategies on phenol mineralization, hydrogen peroxide consumption efficiencies and catalyst stability was studied. Experiments were performed at 298, 323 and 343 K, using catalyst loads of 1 g/l or 25 g/l and concentrations of hydrogen peroxide 1.3, 2.6 and 3.9 times the stoichiometric requirement added at once or in distributed doses. The critical goal of the CWPO in terms of Process Intensification is to achieve total phenol mineralization working at optimal hydrogen peroxide consumption efficiencies while retaining catalyst stability. The present work highlights the complexity of this objective and shows viable working alternatives.Results indicate that high temperatures and concentrations of catalyst and hydrogen peroxide (added at once) can be employed when fast mineralization and high pH values are required in order to prevent catalyst leaching, although oxidant consumption efficiencies are then low. However, simultaneous high mineralization and hydrogen peroxide consumption efficiencies are obtained with a proper oxidant dosage strategy at high temperature, using high catalyst load. Then, hydrogen peroxide degradation into non-oxidising (parasitic) species is minimized with final TOC conversions close to 90%. The drawback of this strategy is that the rate of reaction is lower because of the limited amount of oxidant available.

Graphical abstractA commercial CuO/alumina catalyst is used in the catalytic wet peroxide oxidation (CWPO) of 1 g/l phenol solutions in a batch reactor. The effect of temperature, catalyst load, hydrogen peroxide concentration and dosage strategies on phenol mineralization, hydrogen peroxide consumption efficiencies and catalyst stability was studied.Simultaneous high mineralization and hydrogen peroxide consumption efficiencies are obtained with a proper oxidant dosage strategy. Total H2O2 added is close to the stoichiometric requirement. Phenol is completely abated with the first dose while subsequent peroxide additions complete the mineralization.(A) Phenol and TOC conversion vs. time. (B) H2O2 consumption and pH evolution vs. time.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Commercial CuO/alumina catalyst for CWPO of phenol solutions. ► Faster mineralization rates at higher temperatures, catalyst and H2O2 concentrations. ► Comparable results obtained with stoichiometric H2O2 dosage strategy.

Keywords
Phenol CWPO; H2O2 addition; CuO catalyst
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 111–112, 12 January 2012, Pages 641–648
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us