Carbon xerogels and ceria–carbon xerogel materials as catalysts in the ozonation of organic pollutants
Carbon xerogels prepared at different pH and ceria–carbon xerogel materials with different compositions and synthesized by different procedures were evaluated as catalysts in the ozonation of oxalic acid and the textile dye CI Reactive Blue 5. The prepared samples were characterized by N2 adsorption at −196 °C, X-ray diffraction and scanning electronic microscopy. All the catalysts containing both cerium oxide and carbon xerogel removed all oxalic acid in solution after 1 h of reaction. Cerium oxide supported on carbon xerogel and carbon xerogel containing 1% of cerium oxide prepared by one-pot synthesis were the most active catalysts for the ozonation of the dye solution. Considering the catalytic activity and the steps involved in the preparation of materials, the carbon xerogel containing 1% of cerium oxide prepared by one-pot synthesis is the most promising catalyst.
Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights▸ Carbon xerogels (XC) and various ceria–XC materials are tested as ozonation catalysts. ▸ The pore size of XC plays a key role in the degradation of pollutants. ▸ Ceria–XC catalysts present higher performance than ceria and XC. ▸ The reaction mechanism involves surface reactions. ▸ A new and highly active ceria–XC catalyst was prepared by one-pot synthesis.
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 126, 25 September 2012, Pages 22–28