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Effect of support for PtCu bimetallic catalysts synthesized by electron beam irradiation method on preferential CO oxidation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46556 46441 2012 9 PDF Available
Title
Effect of support for PtCu bimetallic catalysts synthesized by electron beam irradiation method on preferential CO oxidation
Abstract

Supported bimetallic catalysts have been shown to improve properties and catalytic performance of monometallic catalysts in various fuel conversion reactions. To investigate the effect of support on bimetallic PtCu system, PtCu supported on γ-Fe2O3 and CeO2 were synthesized using electron beam irradiation method and preferential CO oxidation (PROX) performance was investigated in relation to structural and chemical properties of the catalysts. The difference in performance among the catalysts existed in both oxygen transport ability and selectivity. While oxygen transport ability was influenced by support property such as crystallite size (within the comparison among catalysts supported on CeO2 and γ-Fe2O3), selectivity was rather influenced by support material which led to clear differences in reducibility, reduction degree of catalyst, and alloying extent of PtCu. CeO2-supported catalysts are unique in the view point that they were able to convert CO selectively in high CO conversion region compared to Fe2O3-supported catalyst. PtCu with small CeO2 crystallite maintained high O2 conversion (high capacity for oxygen transport) in O2-rich atmosphere in addition to high selectivity. Compared to monometallic Cu which lost its activity in the O2-rich wet condition, or compared to monometallic Pt which exhibited poor selectivity, PtCu realized both high activity and selectivity on CeO2 of small crystallite size, leading to more than 99% of CO conversion at 100 °C. By modifying the structure, it was demonstrated that PtCu/CeO2 system can be improved to have low-temperature activity comparable to monometallic Pt while keeping high selectivity of the original PtCu catalyst in the practical PROX condition.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights▸ PtCu/CeO2 shows uniquely high selectivity at low CO coverage region. ▸ Support material has a major impact on selectivity in PROX. ▸ PtCu on CeO2 of small crystallite size shows high capacity for oxygen transport. ▸ PtCu shows higher activity than Cu and higher selectivity than Pt. ▸ Arrangement of Pt on the PtCu surface greatly improves low temperature activity.

Keywords
PtCu; Bimetallic catalyst; Preferential oxidation; CeO2 support; Electron beam irradiation
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Effect of support for PtCu bimetallic catalysts synthesized by electron beam irradiation method on preferential CO oxidation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 126, 25 September 2012, Pages 306–314
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us