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Catalytic reduction of nitrates in water on Pt promoted Cu hydrotalcite-derived catalysts: Effect of the Pt–Cu alloy formation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46574 46442 2011 13 PDF Available
Title
Catalytic reduction of nitrates in water on Pt promoted Cu hydrotalcite-derived catalysts: Effect of the Pt–Cu alloy formation
Abstract

In this work, the role of the Pt–Cu interaction and the influence of the Pt metal loading in the catalytic reduction of nitrates in water have been studied, using Pt supported on CuMgAl mixed oxides catalysts in a continuous reactor. Following three Pt impregnation protocols different surface chemistries were obtained, as confirmed by BET, TPR, HRTEM, XRD and FTIR spectroscopy. In the first protocol, the presence of Cu and Pt–Cu alloy formation has been promoted, whereas the second protocol leads to separated Pt and Cu particles in close contact. The third protocol leads to the presence of Cu, Pt and Pt–Cu alloy particles. The different catalytic behaviors were related to the differences in the surface metal chemistry of the samples. Low ammonium formation was detected in all cases but nitrite concentrations need to be improved to fulfill the maximum admissible concentration of the EU legislation. It is concluded that: (i) the presence of Pt–Cu alloy particles leads to an increase in nitrogen selectivity, enhancing the nitrite reduction but showing lower nitrate conversion, and (ii) to maximize the nitrate conversion it is necessary to obtain mainly Pt particles interacting with Cu and Pt–Cu alloy particles.

Graphical abstract. Proposed scheme of the Pt–Cu metallic states in the catalytic reduction of nitrates in water.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Pt/CuMgAl calcined HT are tested for the catalytic reduction of nitrates in water. ► Synthesis method influences catalytic activity due to different Pt–Cu interactions. ► Double impregnation method maximizes the nitrate conversion. ► Pt–Cu alloy formation favors nitrogen selectivity and nitrite reduction. ► Pt–Cu alloy formation affects negatively the nitrate conversion.

Keywords
Catalytic hydrogenation of nitrates; Hydrotalcite; Alloy formation; Pt–Cu
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Catalytic reduction of nitrates in water on Pt promoted Cu hydrotalcite-derived catalysts: Effect of the Pt–Cu alloy formation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 110, 2 November 2011, Pages 58–70
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us