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Electrochemical-catalytic conversion for simultaneous NOx and hydrocarbons emissions control of lean-burn gasoline engine

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46586 46442 2011 7 PDF Available
Title
Electrochemical-catalytic conversion for simultaneous NOx and hydrocarbons emissions control of lean-burn gasoline engine
Abstract

Electrochemical-catalytic conversion via the electrochemical-catalytic cell (ECC) is effective at 400 °C for simultaneous NOx and hydrocarbons emissions control of lean-burn gasoline engine without consuming any reductant. The NO reaction is direct NO decomposition. The NOx to N2 rate over the cathode of the ECC can be three orders larger than those over conventional oxide catalysts for NO decomposition. In the high NOx concentration region, the NO conversion increases with increasing NOx concentration; this characteristic allows the engine to be operated at high enough temperature with excess oxygen to result in maximum fuel efficiency. In the low NOx concentration region, the NO conversion also increases with decreasing NOx concentration; this characteristic enables complete conversion of NO and thus can result in zero NOx emission. The NO conversion increases with decreasing temperature, at least till 400 °C. Higher oxygen concentration is beneficial to both the NO conversion and the hydrocarbons oxidation to result in zero pollution.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► The electrochemical-catalytic cell is effective for emissions control at 400 °C. ► The DeNOx rate can be three orders larger than conventional oxide catalysts. ► The NO conversion can increase with increasing NOx concentration. ► The NO conversion increases with increasing oxygen concentration. ► Hydrocarbons can be completely oxidized simultaneously.

Keywords
Nitrogen oxide; Hydrocarbon; Lean-burn gasoline engine; Emissions control; Electrochemical-catalytic cell; Direct NO decomposition
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Electrochemical-catalytic conversion for simultaneous NOx and hydrocarbons emissions control of lean-burn gasoline engine
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 110, 2 November 2011, Pages 164–170
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us