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Novel urea assisted hydrothermal synthesis of hierarchical BiVO4/Bi2O2CO3 nanocomposites with enhanced visible-light photocatalytic activity

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46600 46442 2011 10 PDF Available
Title
Novel urea assisted hydrothermal synthesis of hierarchical BiVO4/Bi2O2CO3 nanocomposites with enhanced visible-light photocatalytic activity
Abstract

A novel hydrothermal approach is developed for the first time to synthesize hierarchical BiVO4/Bi2O2CO3 nanocomposites with reactive crystalline facets using urea as a morphology mediator. The as-prepared samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, N2 absorption–desorption isotherms and UV–visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. The photocatalytic activity of the as-prepared samples was evaluated towards degradation of Rhodomine B (RhB) by visible-light. Our results indicate that both physical parameters and associated photocatalytic activity of BiVO4/Bi2O2CO3 nanocomposites can be tuned by urea concentration and reaction time in the synthesis process. With increasing urea concentration, the specific surface area, pore volume and average pore size increase. Compared to BiVO4 and Bi2O2CO3 bulk counterpart, BiVO4/Bi2O2CO3 nanocomposites show enhanced photocatalytic degradation activity of RhB. The mechanisms for the formation of BiVO4/Bi2O2CO3 nanocomposites and enhanced photoreactivity are discussed.

Graphical abstractHierarchical BiVO4/Bi2O2CO3 nanocomposite photocatalysts, prepared by a urea-assisted hydrothermal approach, exhibit an enhanced photocatalytic activity for degradation of Rhodomine B aqueous solutions under visible-light irradiation.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Hierarchical BiVO4/Bi2O2CO3 nanocomposites with {0 0 1} reactive crystalline facets were synthesized by a urea-assisted hydrothermal approach. ► The urea concentration and reaction time play a crucial role in determining the morphology. ► BiVO4/Bi2O2CO3 nanocomposites show enhanced photocatalytic activity.

Keywords
Hierarchical structures; BiVO4/Bi2O2CO3; Nanosheet; Visible light; Photocatalysis
First Page Preview
Novel urea assisted hydrothermal synthesis of hierarchical BiVO4/Bi2O2CO3 nanocomposites with enhanced visible-light photocatalytic activity
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 110, 2 November 2011, Pages 286–295
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis