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Highly stable ytterbium promoted Ni/γ-Al2O3 catalysts for carbon dioxide reforming of methane

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46654 46444 2012 10 PDF Available
Title
Highly stable ytterbium promoted Ni/γ-Al2O3 catalysts for carbon dioxide reforming of methane
Abstract

The influence of Yb on Ni(20 wt%)/γ-Al2O3 catalysts (prepared via a sol–gel method) for use in the dry reforming of methane was investigated. It was found that the addition of low quantities of Yb (1–2 wt%) led to significant increases in catalytic activity and catalyst stability, and the production of H2 and CO at a ratio close to unity (∼0.95). Higher levels of Yb doping (3–8 wt%) did not achieve similar increases in activity as those observed in the lower level doped catalysts. Based on characterisation studies conducted on the catalysts before and after testing it was found that the catalyst with a low level of Yb (2 wt%) had the smallest average Ni particle size, narrowest particle size distribution and highest ease of reducibility (based on Temperature Programmed Reduction analysis). Analysis of the catalysts after testing showed that the catalyst with 2 wt% Yb also experienced the lowest level of carbon deposition and contained a high degree of graphitised carbon. The results obtained indicate that doping of Ni-Al2O3 catalysts with a select amount of Yb can give rise to a catalyst with excellent properties for use in the dry reforming of methane and that Yb can have a significant role in controlling the size/mobility of Ni nanoparticles produced via reduction of NiO.

Graphical abstractThe addition of Yb to Ni(20 wt%)/γ-Al2O3 (prepared via a sol–gel method) led to significant increases in activity and stability in this material for catalysing carbon dioxide reforming of methane. The improved properties of the Ni(20 wt%)-Yb(2 wt%)/γ-Al2O3 catalyst were most likely due predominantly to the Yb facilitating the formation of nickel particles with a lower average diameter. The aforementioned catalyst also experienced significantly lower carbon deposition compared to the un-doped catalyst.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Highly active and stable Yb promoted Ni/γ-Al2O3 sol–gel prepared catalysts for CO2 reforming of CH4 at 700 °C. ► Optimal Yb doping for catalysts investigated was 1–2 wt%. ► Average Ni particle diameter was lowest in catalyst doped with 2 wt% Yb. ► Catalyst with 2 wt% Yb experienced significantly lower carbon deposition compared to un-doped catalyst.

Keywords
CO2 reforming of methane; Yb/Ni/γ-Al2O3; Syngas
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Highly stable ytterbium promoted Ni/γ-Al2O3 catalysts for carbon dioxide reforming of methane
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 119–120, 30 May 2012, Pages 217–226
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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