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Kinetics and mechanism of pyruvic acid degradation by ozone in the presence of PdO/CeO2

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46707 46445 2012 6 PDF Available
Title
Kinetics and mechanism of pyruvic acid degradation by ozone in the presence of PdO/CeO2
Abstract

This work investigated the catalytic ozonation of pyruvic acid (PA) in the presence of PdO/CeO2 (i.e., Pd deposited on CeO2) with focus on the kinetics of PA degradation at different catalyst dosages, reaction pHs and temperatures, as well as the possible catalytic mechanism. By analyzing the kinetic contributions of heterogeneous and homogeneous reactions to PA degradation, it was found that the presence of PdO/CeO2 significantly enhanced the degradation of PA compared to ozonation alone especially at acidic pHs (3.0–6.0). The catalytic degradation of PA took place on the catalyst surface, which was irrelevant to hydroxyl radicals in the bulk solution. Temperature exhibited an insignificant effect on PA degradation in the range of 12–32 °C. Synergic effect was observed between PdO and CeO2 on aqueous ozone decomposition, catalytic ozonation, and adsorption of PA with PdO/CeO2. Ozone and PA were first adsorbed and then activated by the active sites on catalyst surface, and thus becoming more reactive to each other. The influence of phosphate on catalytic ozonation of PA corroborated that the adsorption of PA onto PdO/CeO2 was a critical step for the overall reaction. ATR-FTIR analysis showed that PdO/CeO2 possessed more Lewis acid sites than CeO2, and Pd tended to be the main active sites. Neither OH nor O2− was involved in the catalytic ozonation of PA as respectively substantiated by the experiments with t-BuOH (as OH scavenger) and nitro blue tetrazolium (as O2− indicator).

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► PdO/CeO2 effectively catalyzed the ozonation of PA at pH 4.7–6.0. ► Interfacial reactions predominated the catalytic ozonation of PA with PdO/CeO2. ► The catalytic ozonation of PA did not involve the radicals of OH and O2−.

Keywords
Pyruvic acid; Catalytic ozonation; PdO/CeO2; Kinetics; Interfacial reaction
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Kinetics and mechanism of pyruvic acid degradation by ozone in the presence of PdO/CeO2
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volumes 113–114, 22 February 2012, Pages 290–295
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us