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Gas-phase dehydration of glycerol over silica–alumina catalysts

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46736 46446 2011 11 PDF Available
Title
Gas-phase dehydration of glycerol over silica–alumina catalysts
Abstract

The gas-phase dehydration of glycerol was conducted over silica–alumina catalysts with different Si/Al molar ratios. For comparison, SiO2 and η-Al2O3 were also examined. A variety of techniques, X-ray diffraction (XRD), temperature-programmed desorption of ammonia (NH3-TPD), temperature-programmed oxidation (TPO) with mass spectroscopy (MS), infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) after the adsorption of pyridine or glycerol, solid-state 29Si and 27Al magic-angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance (MAS/NMR) spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and CHNS analysis, were employed to characterize the catalysts. The initial glycerol conversion at 315 °C was strongly dependent on the total amount of acid sites over the silica–aluminas. The acrolein yield was proportional to the concentration of the Brønsted acid sites, whereas the 1-hydroxyacetone yield was proportional to the concentration of the Lewis acid sites. Among the tested catalysts, Si0.8Al0.2Ox showed the highest acrolein selectivity during the initial 2 h of the reaction. As long as the molar ratio between water and glycerol was in the range 2–11, the acrolein selectivity increased significantly with the water content of the feed.

Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Gas-phase dehydration of glycerol was examined over silica–alumina catalysts. ► The glycerol conversion depends on the total amount of acid sites. ► The acrolein yield increases with the concentration of the Brønsted acid sites. ► The 1-hydroxyacetone yield increases with the concentration of the Lewis acid sites. ► The acrolein selectivity increases with the water content of the feed.

Keywords
Dehydration; Glycerol; Acrolein; Silica–alumina; Acidity
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 107, Issues 1–2, 31 August 2011, Pages 177–187
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
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Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us