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Influence of TiO2 morphological parameters in dye photodegradation: A comparative study in peroxo-based synthesis

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
46749 46447 2011 8 PDF Available
Title
Influence of TiO2 morphological parameters in dye photodegradation: A comparative study in peroxo-based synthesis
Abstract

Morphologically different TiO2 nanocrystals were prepared by oxidant-peroxo method (OPM) synthesis. Morphological characterization was performed with the use of field emission gun-scanning electron microscope, X-ray diffraction and low temperature N2 adsorption. The photocatalytic behavior of synthesized TiO2 powders was studied in the reaction of Rhodamine B photodegradation in water. The trials showed that synthesis performed at pH value around 8 generated materials with higher photoactivities than at other pH values. Zeta potential, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray absorption near edge structure part of the absorption spectra, photoluminescence spectroscopy and high resolution-transmission electron microscopy measurements were performed to investigate why the materials had different photoactivities. Two dominant particle characteristics, which came from synthesis environment, interfered in the photoactivity of materials. These characteristics were surface hydroxylation, which had a positive effect on photocatalysis, and crystalline defects due to crystal growth, which had a deleterious effect on photocatalysis. Both characteristics increased with an increase in synthesis pH value. Dye degradation mechanism in water, an oxidation by hydroxyl radicals, was used to explain the different photoactivities and the optimum synthesis pH.

Graphical abstract. The schematic figure shows the relation between effects generated by crystal growth and surface hydroxylation in TiO2 photoactivity synthesized by oxidant peroxo-based method.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Changes in synthesis pH causes morphological variation in TiO2 nanocrystals. ► Photoactivity of TiO2 is directly related to the crystal morphology. ► Surface hydroxylation has a positive effect on photocatalysis. ► Crystal growth by oriented attachment has a negative effect on photocatalysis. ► Synthesis pH around 8 generates materials with higher photoactivity by OPM route.

Keywords
Titanium dioxide; Morphology; Photocatalytic activity
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Influence of TiO2 morphological parameters in dye photodegradation: A comparative study in peroxo-based synthesis
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental - Volume 105, Issues 3–4, 22 June 2011, Pages 298–305
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Catalysis
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us